m, 29, 1919 The Centre Appears HE development of a conscious left will; moveTment in the Socialist Party, a movement to conquer the party for revolutionary Socialism, has developed an intense struggle for control. The rights, the petty bourgeois moderate Socialists who have officially determined the party policy, are on the defensive, are actually shaken. Precisely revolutionary Russia and Germany, the bourgeoisie used moderate Socialism to preserve itself, so the moderates in our party are using the radical Socialists of the centre to light the left wing. And the centre, as usual, allows itself to serve counter revolutionary Socialism by its instinctive tendency to compromise.
In the New York Call of March 23, under the caption Basis for Discussion, there appears a letter signed by David Bereriberg, Biedenkapp, Evans Clark, Walter Cook. Benjamin Glassberg, Jacob Lawn, Flore Line, Louis Locliner, Ludwig Lore, Scott Nearing, Moses Oppenheimer, Albert Pauly and Henry Sipos. This letter, and the tendency it represents, is deﬁnitely centrist and is a direct attack upon the left wing movement. The letter follows: The members of the American Socialist Party are face to face with a national and internal crisss. We who sign this letter. believe that the tine has come for the party to re Itnte its principles and re fonnulate its tactics. As a basis for discussion for the pi: e of bringing about this result. we present the fa oiling sunesuona. We believe in a uniform declaration of principles in all party platforms, both loml and nations and the abolition of all social reform planks now contained in them.
a We believe that the party must teach. pro to and agitate usivel for the overthrow.
itali and the establishment of an industrial demoYI political party cannot oranrae the workers on the economic ﬁeld; but we believe that the party should assist this process of organiuuon by propaganda for revolutionary unionism as a part of its general activmes. We believe that the Socialist candidates elected to oﬂice should adhere strictly to the above principles under of recall. Whe e that the ofﬁcial party press. the educational institutions and all other agencies of the party should be under direct party control. We believe that the party should publish new literature in keeping with the policies and tactics above mentioned.
7, We believe that the national executive committee should immediately call a special national convention for the purpose of formulating party policies and tactics to meet the present crisis. We believe that the Socialist Party should elect delegates to participate in any international conuress to be attended by representatives of revolutionary Socialist parties of all countries, but that the party should refuse to participate in an conference called by moderate Socialists and.
o We believe in the immediate discussion of suggestions such as these in every branch and local. and trust that such dicussion will out a stop to organized separatists: and division, to which we are unaltenbly mud.
The clear purpose of this letter. which its writers cannot camouﬂage. is to strike at the left wing movement in the. Socialist Party of New York City, which means to strike at the revolutionary movement in the party everywhere.
The first fact of importance that appears in this proclamation is that its demands are taken from the Program of the Left lVing Section of New York City. with alterations that inditalr the compromising Icndmy of the group it pres cum. The Left Wing Manifesto urges. party ownership of the party press, etc. the centre changes it to party manor which may be interpreted to mean any and all things. Then there is the clause concerning the international congress. The centre declares in favor of a congress of revolutionary Socialists, but against a Congress of moderate Socialists. The Left Wing Manifesto says: We demand that the Socialist Party shall elect delegates to the International Congress proposed by the Communist Party of Russia (Bolsheviki. that our party shall participate only in a new International with which are afﬁliated the Communist Party of Russia. Bolsheviki. the Communist labor Party of Germany (Spamcans. and all other Left Wipg parties and groups. This is clear, unequivocal and requiresno interpretation. Compare it with the proclamation of the centre. Why did the signers of the centre letter change this to something indeﬁnite, something that may be interpreted. It is characteristic. and is a tendencv toward confusing the issue.
This is typical of the centre.
Moreover. the letter rqiudiat ss rcfomiism. demands the abolition of all social reform planks in the party platform. But consider the signers, particularly Evans Clark. Comrade Clark is employed by the Socialist Aldermen of New York City. and his whole function is to provide the research material upon which they base their social reform measures. At least ﬁve of the other signers are reformists of the worst sort. What conﬁdence can we place in their demand? revolutionary. a left wing program for the party should repudiate the errors and crimes, the policy and THE REVOLUTIONARY AGE tactics, of moderate Socialism. This the letterhdoes.
notdoinasingleuse. Bugtbeymayargueﬁhisre pudiation ia imp The day is not the day for implications, but for vigorous, unequivocabforu aila tions: let the dad bury their dead. Positively, the letter offers only a part, and a very small part, of the policy of revolutionary Socialism. The heart of revolutionary Socialism is comprised in the policy and tactics of mass action and proletarian dictatorship mass action as the means for the con ust of power, proletarian dictatorship as the organiz form of the new proletarian state as the means of annihilating Capitalism and introducing the new system of communist Socialism. The comrades who have issued this camou blast against the left Wing ignore. completely, in their basis of discussion, the fundamental aspect of the whole problem. Most of the signers repudiate mass action; Scott Nearing, at least, repudiates proletarian dictatorshiip; while the whole tendency of the others, with the exceptiomof Ludwig Lore, is directly antagonistic to mass action and proletarian dictatorship.
The whole letter is an act of treason to revolutionary Socialism. At the moment when world events call upon Socialism and the proletariat to ad the uncompromising policy of revolutionary Soci sm, these comrades hesitate and compromise miserably; at the moment when the Bolsheviki have refused to invite the Socialist Party ofﬁcially to the international Communist Congress, these comrades act against the organized left wing which was invited by our revolutionary comrades in Russia. This is revolutionary consistency and audacity!
The miserable character of the appeal for discussion is that they adopt certain planks of the left wing Manifesto, camouﬂage others, while they act against the spirit of the Manifesto and repudiate the movement that issued the Manifesto. Why? They claim they are against organized separatism and division. This is an evasion. The left wing movement in New York City, in the party everywhere, is not organized separatism and division if it is a movement to conquer the party for the party, for revolutionary Socialism. It is the opportunistic bureaucracy, the right wing in New York vwhom these comrades of eternal compromise are protecting, who are trying to split the party by throwing out the revolutionary elements, by prefering charges apinst active individual left wingers, by refusing to act favorably upon applications for membership in branches which accept the left wing Manifesto. etc. The betrayers of Socialism are eager for a split; and the tactics of the cen are playing their game.
The left wing movement in New York City is a mass movement within the party. heir whole organization consists of a city committee, representng about 20 left wing branches; and this centralized expression is absolutely necessary io order to unify their forces and direct their struggle aganst the reactionary forces. To call this organized separatism and division is false, is precisely what the right wing wants, is acting against revolutionary Socialism. is again is characteristic of the centre.
The centre is the worst enemy of revolutionary Socialism and the militant proletariat. The centre Independent Socialists in Germany are much more dangerous to the Spartacus than the Ebert Scheidemann gangsters; they hesitate, compromise, and betray the Revolution.
And what is Comrade Lore doing in this company of bourgeois intellectuals, compromisers and centrists. Has he abandoned his principles and policy?
Is he so naive as to imagine that he is using the centrists, while as a fact they are using him against the left wing? The Class Struggle, of which Lore is one of the editors, has done great work in developing the left wing; and now that it is in action, Lore acts against it. Has Lore deﬁnitely aligned himself as a left centre. Is he out to become a cheap American imitation of Hugo Haase?
The issue is clear: it is a struggle to the end. No compromise. no hesitation. The centre must be smashed as a necessary means of conquering the party for the party, for revolutionary Socialism. Life is with us and for us: revolutionary Socialism shall prevail.
For ways that are dark and tricks that are vain, The Bolshewiki are peculiar.
Just when the American public was getting familiar with what our bourgeois artists think a Bolshevik looks like, these Russians go and appoint, as representative to America. a man who wears a clean collar, washes negailarly and is even suspected of taking an occasional hath to say nothing of the fact that he has no beard and was once seen in a barber shop having his hair cut. o e We learn that the selling agents of several of our big corporations have been instructed to join the Socialist Party in order that they may be able to begin their letters to the repruentative of the Soviet Goveminent: Dear Comrade.
Bolsheviki abs view of the way the Peace Conference has provoked Bolshevism in Hungary would it not be possible to prosecute the American delegates under the Espionage Act? 0 If it is found impracticable to take any action under the Espionage Act we would suggest that the anonymous organization which is spending so much money on newspaper propaganda against the Bolsheviki, direct its efforts towards the Peace Conference and leavetbe American public alone. If it could only convince the tlemen in Paris that Bolshevism is as horrible as its cartoons make out perhaps they would be brought to see the wisdom of signing peace before they do any more damage.
it. Anyhow it beginning to appear likely that if these gentlemen do not sign peace and hurry to their respective homes. they will not have any homes to go to. t Miss Civilization, about. whose treatment at the hands of the Bolsheviki, Spartacans, and similar undesirables the press is manifesting such uneasiness just now, is an orphan whose parentage is the subject of much dispute, the general opinion being that, like Topsy, she just growed. However that may be she is a lady that has fallen much under the inﬂuence of Mr. Capitalism and as a result is constantly being menaced by various disorderly elements.
The recent unpleasantness in Europe resulted, from the ﬁrm determination of each side to save her from the other, but the trouble is that she refuses to stay saved and immediately wanders into fresh trouble.
Sometimes she is menaced in Mexico, sometimes in China. but generally she is in continual trouble in all small countries that are richly endowed iti natural wealth. Wealth seems to exercise the same fascination over her as European titles do over American heiresses and she is continually wandering into all sorts of out of the way places, usually accompanied by religious missionaries. She no sooner lands than trouble hegins and Mr. Capitalism rushes to her aid with soldiers and machine guns. Owing to the fact. that she has already visited most of the countries of the earth and been saved from the natives, she has recently got into the habit of getting into trouble in those countries where she was supposed to be well established. just now she seems to have a genius for arousing the wrath of the workin people who have lately become enamoured of Miss Revolution.
From her pictures in the newspapers she appears to be a very presentable and entirely harmless young woman with a penchant for wearing long ﬂowing robes, draped to display a not unpleasing figure, and a fondness for carrying olive branches. But the workers say that this is an old photograph, taken when she was young and innocent, and in reality she is an old hag, drunk with power. whose face is disﬁgured by poverty, child labor, prostitution, hunger, wage slavery and mass murder.
The latest reports say that she has just got into trouble in Hungary and that the British workers have been carrying on a violent flirtation with Miss SocialRevolution and are contemplating banishing Miss Civilization from their affections until such time as she changes her ways.
The Oath of Enlistment of Soviet Soldiers Son of the People, worker and citizen of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic, enroll in the Workers and Peasants Army Before the working class of Russia and the whole world swear: to respect my position as soldier; to conscientiously undergo my military training; to safeguard the interests of the Army and the People, and to defend them with my heart blood. swear to submit strictly to revolutionary discipline, and to obey without question the orders of my chiefs, designated by authority of the Workers and Peasants Government. swear to commit no action detrimental to the reputation of the free citizens of the Russian Soviet Republic; swear to consecrate myself. in thought and in action, to our ideal of the emancipation of all the working classes. swear, that at the call of the Workers and Peasants Government, will risk my life to defend the Soviet Republic against whatever dangers there may be, from wherever it may come. and that will give whatever have of strength and of life for the defense of the Soviet Republic, of Socialism and of the brotherhood of the people, Let me be delivered to the contempt of the People and the severe punishment of the laws of the Revolution if violate the oath!