THE REVOLUTIONARY AGE Saturday, March 22. 1919 Labor Conditions in Japan lNCli tlte recent rice riots the workers of Japan have beett steadily asserting their power. In spite of rigid police rule and tlte use of troops itt strikes.
mass demonstrations are oeeuring ntorc and man: frequently. Demands for higher wages are being made not through the agency of labor organizations but by direct action iii the form oi mass strikes and Jab or riots trlticlt ltave proved very effective itt tlte majority of c1 Owing to the fact tltat tlte Japanese workers are forbidden to organir in labor tutious tltey are forced to resort to slrtkc. totage and rioting to improve cottditions, and in these struggles they are learning over night tvltat their Western comrades ltave learned only through tnatty decades of agitation. co the outbreak of the Russian Revolution tlte spirit of revolt against the oppressive government in general and the greedy exploiters of labor tn parttcttlar has been gathering strengtlt utttil it burst fortlt itt the recent rice riots and the continuous strikes atul labor riots.
There are still ttearly siv thousand workers in prison throughout the country tvbo were arrested iii the rtce riots. Many have beett tried and condemned to long periods of iinprisotmtent and many are still itt prison awaiting trial. ll over the country the bureaucratic regime attd its supporters are crying lotully for the pu Intent; of tlte rioters to the very litnit of the latv. liy this means the bourgeoisie hopes to intimidate tlte workers front striking rioting. bttt the effect is only to increase the pull of revolt among the people masses.
The workc of Japan have already glitnpsetl the pow of uta on itt the rice riots and the recent strikt td the rugglc trill continue. The reatlj stmcnt of mm industry from a war to a peace basis will can cr sttlTerittg and unemployment than was the during the readjustment periods following the of 395 and Inns. for Japan present industrial conditions are more. ulvanced. more centraliz and have many mort people dependent ttpou their continued operat. it is estimated that over a quarter of million will be thrown ottt of work in okio. a and a few other large cities during the present. lrcatlv there are tnatty unemployed in the inBy Sen Katayama dustrial centers of the country attd as the workers are unorganized the employers will ettt down wages atnl distuiss the workers at their will. But this will itself bring further resistance front the workers and trill devel0p the necessity of mass action itt a wider sense titan it has already been applied in tltc detuand for higher agcs. Thus the whole situation is helping the workers to awaken to the real sitttation uutl they are awakening.
The bureaucrats. terror strike at the recent rice riots. while advocating the severest punishment for the ring leaders 0f the riots have heett attempting to orga ttize labor unions dominated by the employers. These paternal labor unions are mostly taken up by retired army atul naval ofﬁcers as a lucrative means of livelihood. moug these tin called labor organizations the lished. is the Friendly Society of abor. Yu which is suptmrted by the bourgeoisie. The president of the ricudly Society of Labor is Mr. htnji Suzuki, a graduate of the Tokio Imperial University. wlto has bcctt twice present. at annual conventions of the American Federation of Labor as the honorable fraternal delegate of Japanese labor.
lle crossed the Pacific in a ﬁrst class cabin. travelled in a ttlbnan and stayed at ﬁrst class hotels in America. lie was enabled to do this because he catue to. ntcrt in reality as the private secretary of llarou Sltibusawa whose txuronage of the Friendly Society of Labor has beett the chief reason for its peacefttl existence ttndcr the lmperialist capitalist governments of. kuma and Terauchi and the present plutocrrttie government of llara. lle has been truly styled the. iotnpcrs of Japat The only different between the two is that Suzuk Friendly Society. noyby stretch oi the imagination an organization of labor.
lts so called members consist of subscribers to a monthly magazine largely edited and contributed to by lntttrgeois writers who int ily attd pedanticaly pre ch that out worn theory the identical interest of capital and labor.
lt is reported in the Japanese press that ltuuji Suzuki is again coating to America on his way to Paris to attend the ittterttatiottal Labor Peace Conference.
He will not attend the International Labor and Socialist Conference for he is the deadly enemy of Socialism.
He has publicly declared that lie will stake his life to crush Socialism in Japan. is real attitude to the labor questionnvhiclt is borne ottt by his actual work in Japan. is to compromise between eap attd labor. lle opposes strikes and never was eitltcr a strike leader or adviser. hurt a strike does occur he attempts to step ill and bring about a comprot. a contpt otttise which is invariably in favor of Captt We. the Sr sls. of Japan, are opposed to the methods and tacttctt of the Friendly Society of Labor. it is directly detrimental to the cause of labor. it poisons aml kills the manly spirit of the real labor movement in Japan particularly among the young workers who read its paper. Just now the Japanese intelligentsia are attempting to interpret the labor and social phenomena of Japan aml pacify the vakenittg workers by government permitted labor tttovemetlts that will abattdon the strike atul the economic boycott and become the obedient servant of the employers.
lint the great mass of tlte Japanese workers are rapidly awakening to a realization of their power and are making themselves felt itt strikes and riots. The present economic sltuation of the. workers is making them far wiser and more powerful than tlte. pcdantic Japanese iItlt Ilt gvu riu. Japan is fast approaching a stage where the workers will assert their rights to the control of their otvtt affairs. close cot act with the Russian ltolshevik revolution is being evidenced everywhere nnd though the government is trying to shot out the ideas of liolshevisnt the workers are practising the tactics that enabled the Russian workers to contptcr powt Socially Japan is a steam boiler without a safety v: vc. sooner or later :ttt explosion will occur.
The govertunent is shutting every month of freedom.
freedom of the press and mblage is denied to the workers attd Socialists. Ibr hcst indication of the coming social revolution itt Japan is the rapid building of bastiles arid the increasing jailing of the workers aml poorest peasants. sure as day succeeds night these bastiles must fall before the mighty wave of liolsltevism that is sweeping on to Japan.
Cottin Defence. Why Tried to Kill Clemenceau xrt :n to kill the titan instigating a new tvar. ant Ian anarchi. a friend of the people. ierntans not excluded. friend of mankind and brotherhood. b e words deeply penetrate into the heart of every man. Clemenceau is a tyrant. attd a tyrant of the highest. degree. Clemenceau is making the tight rs for the pomtlar cause rot iIt the free prisons of France. lenn ucoatt is the greatest enemy of the tl tiukittg people. No wonder he is called lint lie is not a tiger he is a ntan. rior to the. larrh revolution: itt there were at to cttch front litany Ru lll soldiers thc figure it between IOOJJOO and 3004th men. Reliable information it is impossible to obtaitt. They replaced linglisb. td French troo in the most dangerous seetious of the battle line: tvcll supplied with arm. attd provisions they took the place of a large tttttnber of the. llied troops. which were sent to police different sections of France. ncxpectcdlv the revoltttiou in Rur broke out.
Ru. ian soldiers innnediately began to be in. cttt iIt their demands. attd created a Soviet of the soldiers deputies. tvlti t as arrested in its entire personnel. olmdy knows of it fate up to the present. This did ttot stop the Russian soldiers: they protested as a single man. attd refused to advance. Their superiors were infuriated and began to threaten. bttt nothing could shake the Russians. the council of the generals and colonels oi the old regime. the tyrant rulers.
it y as decided to take the Russians off the tiring line and intern them behind the bars of the camp for the interned. They were recognized as enemies. lint that was not the end of the sufferings of the Rttss us.
Terrible conditions. executions of tlte leaders. arre.
of the conscientious soldiers nothing could shake the ﬁrm attitude of the Russian soldiers. who ltad scented the ﬁre of the revolutionary flame in their native land.
They categorically refused to obey. Detachment after detachment was sent to the rear gttard camps. where they awaited their fate. hen the lx ercusky government had fallen. the sympathy of the Russian soldiers was on the side of the Soviets of Workers attd Soldiers Deputies. Ihtt in spite of that smite of the detachments of the Russian army still fought on the front lines. Russia signed the Brest Litovsk treaty. and those troops that were under the inﬂuence of the revolutionary patriotism underll e publish below a statement by Emile olriu after his urn rt folIm iug Iii: til cut. upon Iltr life of Iltc rrnclt rrmirr.
stood attd decided to leave the struggle. The last dctachuttnts refused to go into action, basing their claitn on the fact that they were neutral citizens: they under.
stood the reality of the war. h ir tuaitt demand was to return to their native lattd. This request and then demand the rcnch premier. lctncuceatt. ordered sttppressd. The order of the French government was obeyed immediately. aml utatty Russians. true sons of the cold vall of Rt fell before the lllllll ls oi the treacherous weapons of those cunning politict Many were wounded. Clemenceau order not to spare bullets tv ex ttcd according to all the rules of military tacti. ith waving flags the battallions of the free republic returned front the places of their crime accompanied by the sounds of the. larseillaise. few days afterward a colottel was sent to the camp where tltc irreconcilable Russians were kept. who delivered a ﬁery speech. lle spoke of revolution. of everything. and ﬁnished by an appeal to enlist ittto the army to ﬁght against the Bolsheviki. Twenty thousand men believed these fables telling them that Russia was in danger and decided to save Rttssi. They were formed into detachments and were sent to the nearest military camp in order to the attached to the. zcclto Slnvak army. The. rest. tens of thousands of men one tnan. decidedly and detbrmimlly answered he Russian people have concluded peace: they might ltave made a tnistakc. as you said: yet you treated as cruelly even after the downfall of the Czar regime. and therefore we demand to be sent to ottr native land: there on the spot we will deliberate as to what ntttst be suppressed for the Russian people.
The French authorities became enraged. and having caught the leaders of the military Soviets sent thcnt without trial to ltard labor, to an island prison. located not far front llordeaux. The rest were exiled to places where no crow flies. ftcr that a dishonest reaction was instituted: the Russian soldiers were tormented to the extreme. Then. having tormented them sufﬁciently. and enjoyed it enough. the Premier ordered irreconcilable Russians to be sent to Africa. Forty thousand men were sent there. While they were being sent into slavery there came unexpectedly a Russian colonel. decorated front head to foot with the Czar medals. atul facing the rows of soldiers responded to the order of Clemenceau with the following words. My boys. it would truly be a great mistake if we consented to go to war against our fathers tlttl ttulltL.
brothers attd sisters. and the whole Russian people.
First of all what we need to do is to return to l and there we shall see what govertnnent tve Rus slrtll defend. You are sendingr ttty boys to slavery under the hot ray of the African sun. Send me also with them. for believe exactly the way they do. lcmcnccatt order was obeyed. and forty thousand Russians for their fidelity to the popular Ise were sent to slavery lit the. rican plantations of the French.
Last November. after the armistice with tierntauy.
tensof thousands of war prisoners were liberated.
among them tnany Russians. As a stream this human wave rushed in the direction of the Allied littcs en masse. passing the outposts and blockltouses. The Russians tverc itt a terrible condition. beaten. woundcd. attd bare footed. They did not resemble men at ail. bttt rather apparitions. lfttvittg reached the. lll rican lines they were stopped. given. ntcrican uniforttts bttt were forbidden to proceed further. Where are tltey. what is the matter with them? There is no information. thre tbry are manyrs rentains a secret. Their number reaches between 10. 000 and t5. ooo men.
Many refugees passing the battle line found themselves in cities tvltcre tltcy were caught attd told: You hare no right to live itt this country. You tttust return to Russia. and enlist in the Czecho Slovak army. You must ﬁght against the Soviets. We cannot do it. replied the Russian prisoners of war. We must be sent to Russia and see the people at work. There on the spot shall we see whom we must defend. not an anarchist. a friend of the people. not exclud.
in. Germans. a fricttd of mankittd. of the brotherhood of tnau.
That is where the heart of man lies. That is where lie the spirit of protest and revenge. lifted my hand; the protest of the sltot resounded, and the Tiger was wounded.