The New York Coming The Productivity of Russian Labor From the Russian Soviet Government First Annual Report (Combined rem hm peels. seems, that in spite of the whole sum of extremely unfavorable objective economic conditions, the productivity of labor began to increase at the beginning of 1918 in a number of industries.
And what is more, the increase of productivity is not a slightly noticeable process, but a very rapid, strikingly marked one. In the east steel industry the productivity went up in April, in comparison with January, 170 Ir; in the castiron, 131, o:m the hydraulic press industry 40. and only in the ear forging has it fallen 24. and there on account of a number of causes of an external character, ac to speak. January is the. worst month.
After it, there begins a rapid advance. These results have been the fruits of proletarian class self reliance exclusively. Price wages were ﬁrmly introduced by a special wage fixing commission consisting of reprsentativa of the professional unions and the technical personel. thia commie sion very mergetically, as the spokesman said. undertook IL! task. The results can already be seen: though, as justly pointed out by the Kolomensky workers, its work only began.
01 the constant increase in the productivity of labor after the introduction of the scale. the representatives of the Koluhaksky factory also spoke, stating as charactm istic of the mood of the workers in the factory, the following: We recently had to make repairs which we thought would take two wedcs but the workers made them in six days, and that under the worst conditions Analagous are the data of other districts. In the Parograd Westinghouse factory, after the tranaition to piece wages and the utahlishment of a form of output according to scale, the results showed themselvm remarkably soon. In the smelting industry the report shows the following ﬁgures for 1918: In January thee were produced. wm poods In February. 3400 poods In March. 3886 poods In April. 4000 poods e. an increase in April as compared with January of 33.
Even at the Baltic factory. where the wages are lower than in the factories of Moscow, Petrograd and a number of provinical cities, in the month of April it was proven that the workers in the matter of productivity, as the spokesman, Comrade Khromofl. indicated at the conference, have pro duced almost twice as much as in March, and we suppose that in Ihe future. with a raise in wagu up to the normal the scale was not yet introduced in that factory. the productivity will rise even higher. Analagoua information is given by the comrades from the evacuated factory Phoenix in Rihin. which in December, 1917. had an output of 62 cars, in January of 40, in February of 18, and in March and April of 38 each respectively. The comrades note the great work done in this sphere by the factory committees. Similar information we have from the Hartmann factory in Inganslt, where the workers committee has sucneeded in tIn ning out instead of three locomotives as in the Fall 13 locomotives. The comrades, members of the committees of the much Indexing Petrovaky Soviet factoriu and Makaeﬂ a (Mining and Metallurgical Union. draw the sum pinnin of their artablishmta. At the Petrovaky fataory, after its nationalisation and the Byﬁhomov granting of the first sums for the payment of wages, the productivity of labor began to grow, and towards the and of April watt up to 30 40. In Makeefka, which was twice occupied by the Conssdcs and Ukrainians, the daily output of coal from the mines went up, from March so the middle April alone, from 60, 000 poods to 92, 000, or over 50. and what is more, as the chairman of the workers committee of the Union, Engines Bajanov wrote, There is to be observed a tendency towards a further increase in the output of coal.
The same conclusions are also characteristic of the Ural district.
We have more detailed information regarding the Zlatoustovaky district. Here is the eorrespoliding table of ﬁgures in ponds: Pia iron production: January February March Remade pig: iron. 343 962. 32 173. 88? 351. 001 Pudling iurnace production: Moulds. 37 01. 19. 29. 095.
Casting pmductjo Pig. run castings: High furnace productim. 33229 1367, 10 Cupola furnace produdion 25. 09905 1170. 21. 16 26, 147. 13 Steel landing paste. 1, 726. 29 Copper fonding paste. 803 01 85. 25 331. 38 Various alloyagr pane. 085. 1, 201.
Rolling production: but aired production.
Marten nun. pruned iron, Martens steel.
Crucible steel. 61. 9(7.
Middle son production: Marlena aquare inn Marten steel Crucible stud Tilled East steel production: Moulded. stamped. 9311. 16 5581M 3853113 Projectile production: Production of various matron Ia in pious: Also intrenchina. UHI.
The production of 35. 91682 03. 19179 102. 359. 149. 54. mganition: 07 we cut. m9. 34. Machine motion indum y. 299. 218. 11 In surveying the prmt table compiled on the basis of the Soviet reports, at the outset the ex treme decrease in output during February strikes one a eye. However. this is explained by the transition from the old Russian calendar to the new calendar, thanks to which the number of days in February shrunk to ﬁfteen.
Taking this into considu ation we note that in the Detounot sky district the decrease in production ceased, and now there is to he observed a reverse process of its growth in a number of industrim, in the production of machinu, instrumaita, pigciron; there is also an increase in the casting house production, etc The ﬁgures of the production of labor at the Ural Kauv 1vanovaky factory speak of the same The tasting of Ava age daily pil iron output January. 125, 872 4, 723 February (15 days) 71, 919 4, 794 March 144, 833 4, 751 April. 145. 454 008 The total amount of casted pig iron, and its average daily output has ct naidaably increased.
his intefestingtonotethecorrectgrowthof figures eaehmonth. ltisalaointarestingtoeomparethe ﬁgures of the productivity of labor of a factory inthethreeprecodingyearswiththoﬁgwuofthe three and a half months of 1918. Treaslatar sue Tho ﬂa ianoalaodardilcudiratmhthamiab agmdqab THE PRODUCTION OF FACTORY Pig 1m Monldin of steel Moulding of pig inn o a aoods Poods Pieces Ponds Panda 1915. I, 938, 682 132. 167, 434 11. 475 1916. 011:22 606, 403 333. 025 325 35. 217. 1, 868 001 570, 272 352. 175 347 00. 5w lnonlltl o 19IB 078 13 74I 11, 132 (Feb. 15 daya) 96. 03. This proves that if the quantity of moulded pig iron has decreased in comparison with the best year, 1916. still for the first three and a half months of 1918, about of the pig iron output for the whole year 1916 was moulded. As regards bars, founded pig iron and the production of ﬁre stones, for the 3y, mouths of 1918, the output was about 3 of the tire production of 1916. As regards founded steel, for the ﬁrst months of 1918, the total amount of mouldings in poods eaeeeded by 50 the amount of mouldings for the whole year 1916. Thus in the first quarter of 1918 there was clearly visible a process of gradual increase in the productivity of labor. Furthermore, in spite of the acute inauﬁciency of the food sup ply, the productivity of labor evidently continued to increase. For example, we shall submit he following data of the productivity of labor in a number of important Petrograd factories; the following table of figures was issued by the Obuehovaky steel mills: THE OBUCHOVSKY STEEL CASTING FACIDRY Mar. Apr. May June July As.
from from fruit the 15th the 15th the 15th Cara. 70 175 ﬁll 110 111 Imzvm. 2 1 Pig irvn eastinp. 107 8 Steel and iron 966 975 6, 173. 182 0017a: The Westinghouse factory output of braku: ll Avr Mrs Jane My Ass Brake devices in ponds 1, m9 2, 000 17 378 The productivity of the Petrograd metal factories is characterised by the following figures: the productivity in a number of branches for July was 70, 000 poods. for Aug. 13, 000; at the Equal fw tory the productivity increased loo 150. at the Spiegal factory it increased 150 31070, at the Inner factory it increased from Aug. to Sept. 65. at the Nevsky tobacco factory the average monthly output for the ﬁrst half of 1918 was 2, 448 for July 5, 180 poods, at the Moscow Luheretaky factory the productivity of labor has ch almost the prewar standard.
Speakingoftheincreaaeintheproduotivityof labor we none the less, cannot yet dream of a productionequaltothatofpeaoetimn. Thelackof raw materials and fuel, the acute hunger, the deterioration of the machinery could not but delay the process of the rehabilitation of industry. And nevertheless, at this writing, sever factories are either approaching or have already attained the peace time norm. To the numhc of such factorim belongs, for instance, the famous nationalised Simona Schuckert factory let us examine in somewhatgreaterdeeailtheworkofthisfactoryasa characteristic example of the rdiahilitation of our whole ind.
The February revaluation and Karmakyim found it in a state of slow diainugration. Up to the time of the Ombc revolution, its production fell toaboutoneithirdorono fonrthofwhatitwasbo fore, and the int iaity of Iaboiz de aased um mohaWaonordingtotlminformatimofthedomatinee offsetting. Tubman ad