The New York Communist An Outline of the Communist International Adopted by the Congress of the Communist International in Moscow March 6, 1919 II.
The conquest of political power by the proletariat means the annihilation of the political poweof the bourgeoisie. The power of the bourgeoisie lies in its state machinery, with its capitalist army under the leadership of capitalist junker oﬁeers.
its police, its prison wardens and judges. its parsons, state ofﬁcers, etc. The conquest of political power means not only the change of persons in the cabinet of ministers, but the annihilation of the state machinery of the foe. the conquest of the real power, the disarming of the bourgeoisie, of the canola revolutionary oﬁeers, of the White Guard; and the arming oi the prolaariat. of the revolutionary soldiers, of the workers Red Guard; the abolition of all capitalist judges and the organization of the proletarian court; the abolition oi the rule of the reactionary state ofﬁcers and the creation of new executive organs of the proletariat Immediately after the victory of the proletariat follows the dis organization of the hostile power. the organization of the proletarisn power. the destruction of the capitalist, and the erection of the proletarian, state machinery. Only after the proletariat has become victorious and the resistance of the bourgeoisie has been broken, can the workers use their former fan for the new order, place them under control, and gradually add to the work of the communist construction.
The proletarian state. like every state, is a machine for suppression. but this machinery is directed against the foe of the working class. Its aim is to break the resistance of the exploiters, who use all the power at their command to smother the revolution in blood; its aim is to make this resistance impossible; the proletarian distatorahip, which openly places the working class in a privi leged position in society, is on the other hand a provisional institution. What: the resistance of the bourgeoisie is broken, when it is expropriated and gradually reduced to the labor strata, the proletarian dictatorship disappears, the states dies out and with it classes vanish.
So called dunocracy, e. bourgeois democracy.
is nothing but the concealed dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. The much praised general national will exists as much asthe united people. In reality the claues exist the classes with opposite, irreconcilable purposes. But as the bourgeoisie is a small minority, it needs this ﬁction the national will of nice, pleasant sounding words to strengthen its dominion over the laboring classes and impose its will upon the proletariat. The proletariat, on the contrary, being an overwhelming majority of the population, exercises the class power of its mass organization, of its soviets (councils. to abolish the privileges of the bourgeoisie and to assure the transition to the communist society.
The main power of bourgeois democracy lies in the purely formal declaration of rights and liberties. which are unattainable by the laboring people. the proletarians and half proletariuis, while the bourgeoisie utilizes its material means to deceive and defraud the people through its press and its organization. In opposition to this the soviet system (council system. this new type of the State power, endeavors mainly to give the proletariat an opportunity to realize its rights and liberties. The soviet power gives the best palaces, houses, printing shops, paper stocks, etc. to the workers for their press, their meetings. their unions and other organizations. And only through such methods will proletarian democracy be realized.
Bourgeois democracy, with its parliamentary system, defrauds, by words, the males of psi tint pation in the state administration. Actually the mama and their organizations are totally deprived oftherealetateadministration. Intbesoviusyeten: the massa themselves administer, for the soviet: unset the ever increasing multitude of the workers to the slate administntion. Only through this method will the whole laboring people gradually become interested and take an active part in the administration. The soviet sy stan rm: upon the mass organizatiohs of the proletariat, upon the soviets themselves, upon the revolutionary labu unions, cooperativm, etc.
Bourgeois democracy and the parliamentary system separate the masses from ﬁne State, by the division of legislative and executive power, by the toleration of unrecallable mandate. In the anvil system, on the contrary, the right of recall, the union of the legislative and executive power. the function of the soiiets as working collegm, unite the masses with the administrative organ. This unity is promoted also by the fact that and: the soviu system the elections themselves are conducted. not in accordance with artiﬁcial territorial districts, but in accordance with prodnaivs units.
The soviet system thus realises true proletariat democracy, the democracy for and of the probatiut against the bourgeoisie. The industrial proletariat is preferred in a sane as the leading, box organized and politically men more class. ands which the half proletarians and small peesanta gradually arise. This provisional privilege of the indunrial proletariat is utilind to withdraw tlm poorer petit bourgeois masses in the country, from the inﬂuaioe of the large peasants and the boargeoisie. and to organize and educate them as or works: in Communist oonstrmtion.
Soviet Russia Red Army (Continued Irons page The ter part of the Ukraine is now in the nude of the workers an peasants government of the Ukraine. And this will be the greatest aid to Soviet Russia. Let us first consider the regiments of the directorate under Hetman Petlura, and then the troops of the Entente. ln Petlura sarmy are the Ukrainian nas tionalists and the counter rm olutionists, in addition to some Galician regiments. His troops nevertheless are already fairly disorganized and are de serting to us in masses. Our Bolshevist Hetman in Ukraine is Rakovsky, formaly very prominent in the Romanian In Sebastopol and Odessa the Enterite hur its main basis of operations. They even have negross there. In Ukraine we have captured districts which have put all together several millions of poods of grain into our surplus. The ATTENTION!
Members of local Bronx Socialist Party.
SHALL LOCAL BRONX GO LEI T?
TO DISCUSS THIS MOST IMPORTANT QUESTION CONFRONTI NG THE MEMBERS OF LOCAL BRONX ALL COMRADES ARE URGED TO ATTEND MASS EETIN ON SUNDAY AFTERNOON, MAY 18th At o clock At the FINNISH HALL. Bronx 0pc iozle Bldg. East 149th Street The allowing speakers will address the needy: BERTRAM WOLFE JOHN REED. BRODSKY JAY LOVE STONE ADMISSION FREE, Fury Cards nu Be She l Germans obtained no more than a fraction of the grain they expected from Ukraine. It was a poor ulation on the patriotism of other races! What the: gut they found on the farms of big farmers and land holders, where it had been collected in great stores But the small farmers were crafty. as they always are, they buried the grain in their ﬁel. Comrade Sklandaky lighted his fourth cigarette before he got through with Ukraine. We also went into the question of the inner organization and the working methods of Red Army. But we must postpone this to another day.
It is so cold here in the Iron corridor in the fortress of the Kremlin, that am hardly anxious to look a bit at the heavy military map which only got this evening. sent to me from the All Russia General Send. It shows that the front of the Red Army. drawn continuously and without any regard to the thin rting and patrol lines, represent a frontline of a togaber 1211. kilometers, in other words, ﬁve times as as the entire external island coastline of Norwa ram Christians to Borisglep on the Varangian undary! And the area which the Red Army has won back for Central Russia in the ﬁrst year of its so tivity amounts to about 240. kilometers, or about ten times the area of a of Norway.
And now shall light a Russian cigm am eager physically to ﬁnd snatching that will ﬁll the lugestspaceinashorttime evenifitisonly cigarute smoke. Moderate Socialist Office Holder (Continued from me Q. Tell us what you spoke on that social revolotion. Question objected to by label and objection sustained. After he had testified and was leaving the court building, LaDuocs was arrested by the police.
Counsel for defense objected to the art :2 of a witme for he defense, to which Zabel gave the following answer: label If this man wu taken don know, he is not a witness any more. he has testiﬁed and has left the court room; and what the olice department doe with him is none of counsells business.
In reporting the arrest of IADuoca, The Milwaukee (sender wrote as follows. Three other members of the local Italian branch of the Socialist party were arrested Monday, and the police announced that literature had been found on their pasons that might prove of aignficanoe.
After delibeating seventeen minutes, the jury found the eleven defendants guilty of Assault with Intuit to Murder.
Commenting on their conviction, The Milwaukee Leader of Dacunber 29th. 1917. had the following to sav. The element which scented to weigh most heavily against the defendants during the trial was the fact that they were sup sed to have been members of an alleged snare isti: organization in Bay Viw (Milwaukee) which advocated the overthrow of the existing forms of governmait and society by force.
Judge Angina! Baths imposed upon the eleven defendants a uniform sutures of twaityh five years imprisonment, the minimum sentence that he might have imposed upon them being one year.
Before impos sentaxce. lu Backus addressed to the dczgdnnts the follodfing words. Thee can be no excuse for your ﬁctions. You have handed yourselves together and wornhi pod at the shrine of criminal anarchy. You have drinking from the bitter cup of poison which it.
led to your destruction.
The man responsible for the sending to risen of eleven Milwaukee workers for a term o twuityﬁve years, who charged then: with a crime, which. was evident, they did not commit. and who brought about their conviction by brazen illegalitiu, by the vilest sort of trickery and by inﬂaming the min ofthemembersoftheluryaglinnthedefendanta by producing evidence intuided to show that the defendants were socialists. numbers of the W. and anarchists, was Winfred label, Sodnli District Attorney for Milwaukee County.
It remained for the Suprune Court of Wisconsin to almost entirely undo the crime again elem members of the working class committed Socialin District Attorney Winfred Label. Wisconsin Supreme Court has just as aside Illa conviction secured by label in the case of nine of the eleven prisoners, seven of whom have balm freed altogethe. after having span ova a year and a half in prison) and two of whom are to get moths trial. The two whose conviction the Supra.
Councmﬁrmed, will, aeappouslﬁaly, aoonbe pardoned.