The New York Communist Soviet Russia Red Army By Michael Puntervold An interview with Sklandslry, Assistant Commiaar of War Norwegian Socialist Lawyer. Now in Russia Special Correspondent of the Social Demokraten, a Norwegian left Wing Socialist apu.
REMLIN, Moscow, February 25th. Today is a military holiday all over Soviet Russia. It is the ﬁrst anniversary of. the Red Army.
Red flags and pennants are waviu in the streets and the emblems of the array are shining red over the mi hty portals of the Kremlin. Symbolic oldier pscards illustrate the year work accomplished hy the Krasny (Red) Army, from all mom a so am cusan rarrn The From the roofs of the houses, while Red Guard soldiers in grayish brown uniforms are rattling their collection boxes and pinnin the Red Army buttons on the coat lapels of all use who give In honor of the day, have interviewed Tavarish Sklandsky, assistant Commissar of War, concerning the results of the Workers and Peasants Red Army in its work for the past year. The Minister of War, People Commissar Trotsky, did not reach home after his inspection trip on the Ukrainian front until this evening. Equipped with the necessary propusk (admission card. made my way past the Guards and machine guns until reached his representative, who was sitting in the great apartment in which the All Russian Minister of War at present has his headquarters, and studies the latest reports from. the fronts. Sklandsky is a man of fully thirty ears of age, a physician by profession.
uring the war he was assigned to the service with the aanitary corps, was elected after the March revolution to various soldiers councils, and, as early November 28th, 1917, became the second in seniority in the Commissariat of War (army department. physician with a quietly, energetic, civilian appearance. But have been able to acquire a little of the military trade for the sake of my comrades. Here every man must do what he can. You can a better idea of the military situation rom the general stall, but can indicate a few general view points. The greatest accomplishments of the Red Army are the victories which we gained in the Donetz region over the armies of Ataman Krasnov, declared Sklandsky. This is of great political importance in the ﬁrst place, since Krasnov and his peasant Cossacks have heretofore been the most powerful factor in the counter revolutionary movement, and have really been a danger to Soviet Russia.
From an economic standpoint Ihis victory means that we have now opened a path to the anthracite ﬁelds of Russia in the Donetz basin, and have thus a rospect of once more opening up our in ustrial acI pressive gesture. On the Ural front also, we have Cossacks. But lhtse Cossgcka have no military connection whatever with th Don Cossacks; the connection is at most a spiritual one. With the conquest of Orenhurg, the possibility was obtained for establishing connections with Turkestan. The railroad from Orenhurg to Tashkent is, however, Wy well torn up, and a number of bands of its Guards are still hurrying the line of the road. But we shall restore order there in a few days. The great majority of the Ural Cossacks are disbanding their armies, and seem willin to be come decent ritizens of Soviet Russia. e remnants of their main force are wilhdrawin in a westerly direction along the ridge of the Jul to wards Ursk, and the days of the latter place are numbered. They are scattered divisions, much weaker in practice than the Don Cossacks. ln Turkestan we have millions of poods of cotton, which is the necessary raw material for our principle industry. namely, textile manufactures But it is not only our White Guards who are looking with greedy eyes toward Turkastan. but also England imperialistic capitalism. ll is not impossible that we shall collide with the English in the search for cotton. The English long ago took possession of Baku on the Caspian Sea with its great naptha and oil wells. It is said that they already have ﬁfty to sixty thousand men there. and that the Turkish troops have there also united with their enemies of the world war.
59:5. Soviet Russia any war ships on the Caspian Yes, and we have also a ﬁrm hold on the seat of Astrakhan, at the mouth of the Volga, which has always been in our possession. We now come to our third front, namely the Czechoslovak front. The fact that these CzechoSlovaks and Yugo Slavs from Austria are operatirg m ti. We have here gained possession of thve tybest developed railway systmn, with railway connection to the Caucasus and the considerable contingent of Red there, which formerly were obliged to communicate with the main army over territory in which there was not railroad communication. Krasnov Don Cossacks have been completely disorganiaed.
Whole regiments are deserting to us, led by their company commanders, while the stall eﬁwa.
knowing very well what pnniahmgsta await than.
our handaremainwiththeenemy. Aatotheaue of Krasnov army? it certainly is not as high ll one hundred thousand. which is the ﬁgure assigned in foreign counriea. At most, several tunes ten thousand. And the population is com lammg that these soldiers are getting drunk an harrying the country. We consider the Cossack sometbin like a man on horseback with a bout. We shall take the knonta from him and cast him literally to the earth, declared. wlth an axmwmonmrmn coawonr anm monmwaun tamauasl alongoureaatern bouﬂdaryinSiberia, asamatter of fact one of the most remarkable accidents of the world war! They came to us as priaonaa of war, but in mdLmKtmeym of Camus articulary Ian. a great rt. tiliem were liberated and armed, namely, thoie who were willing to cooperate with Russia against Ausc trian and German lm ialiam. After the revolution of November, 917. when the Bolaheviki sailed power, our government wanted to ship them home a sin by way of Siberia and Vladivostok, do clued klandaky. TheCaecho Slavaksnowcameunder the inﬂuence of the White Guards and the nun»
bers of the dissolved Constituent Assembly, coutinoed Sklandak. And got money and weap ons from the to for ﬁght agatnn Red Russia. At ﬁn they met with gent moon. They took the entire district can of the V0 from beyond Perm in the North, all the way an to hmara in the South. They obtained re infonoments from Kolchak Siberian divisions, and Ilder Kolchak there prevails a severe Curiat military discipline. His extremely young 050m are afraid of beingswept down by their own Ioldiﬂ.
and therefore must with hdava discipline ad 9 nou aossun cum ran: The Front to prevent any understanding of the political tion from reaching the uninformed privates. In addition to money and ammunition, they alao received reinforcements from time to time from France, England and other Entente powers. And these are very much needed, for most of the Coedso Slovaks are tired of their own unwary lackey services, and are already on their way horn throughout the length of the Siberian railroad. We have thrown back the Kolchak army all the way from the Ural regions down to the nighborhood of Zlatoun. How, they will Edmpﬁtii. e ge nt, the reach, lish and Americans, as is well known, a a private front of their own, the objea of which is to cut us 05 from maritime communication by way of the White Simultaneously, the Enlente talks about not desiring to intervene in any way in affairs of Russia. On our fifth front. the Finnidt from.
Mannerbeim is collecting his With Guards for a possible attack on Petrograd. but he must wait for the signal to be given by his Entente frimda. But t orget that there are also Red Finns. In Esthonia, White Guar are in paner. In addition to the Fathouiana and a few thousand Finns, we here ﬁnd also a number of Swedes. And behind the from here alsoisofeouraetheEntmtta. 1E situation in Eathonia is not the most arable for us, but here also the thatareoperating seen to he favor. Narva is already within our Latvia (Kurland) heath 5; ommds, asisalsothegreaterportion Lithuania and White Russia. next few days, these two provinces be cleared to the boundaries land, and the soviet regime will established. The Entente tried to form a 5?
1i a anti i stir Taveriah, Sklandsky hue lighted a at arette before proceeding to thefavorh subject of all Soﬁa Russia. null. Ukrainian front. Ukraine! Thiaisnot theme. onions. butitis oremost greatgr from which eomeaour bread. Andwhat word theRuasianlanguagehasaudiafairsotmdatthb time astheworthleba bread. hisinlrﬂhh thebattlecryoftheRed. Wetookanautomohile ride withthePr id al the Moscow Sofia, Kameniev, to a military postatelevmo clockinthemorning, inhooal theﬁrstannikuryoftheRedArmy. berewon be any parade: the people (Man