The New York Com amid International Notes Italy Italian Socialist Ptrty, the most powerful party in the country, has for the past two months been passing through a crisis which has divided it into two factions for and against the Dictatorship of the Proletariat. Prampolini, Turati and other parliamentary leaders have ﬂatly re: fused to support the Dictatorship of the Proletariat.
declaring themselves to be against bloodshed, and considering revolution unnecessary to accomplish the few reforms the workers need. Violence is a crime, and futile, Prampolini declares in a room! article in Avami. There ia another way. We say that the bourgeoisie is a minority, still they rule. We can rule, and the way to rule is to conquer the majority with propaganda.
Lauari, secretary of the Italian Socialist Party, stands for the Dictatorship of the Proletnriat. In an answer to Prampolini, in a subsequent issue of Amati, he writa under the head, Violence and DicWorship. Our fathers have taught us that the Social Revo«
lution is not coup etat, but that the maturity of certain conditions call into action the revolution, which is necessary for changing the social relations between men. We remain faithful to this teaching. If the bourgeoisie chooses violence as the last defense of its privileges, we will use violence to consolidate the rising power of the proletariat.
While this discussion is raging mother question of more immediate tactical importance the question of participation in the forthcoming national elections is engaging the attention of the Party branches. ll Soviet, Naples. oihcial organ of the Party in Southern Italy, oppom participation. To accept the elections, today, means the spending of our energies for the continuation of the bourgeois institutions we need to destroy. The revolutionary conquest of parliament is today no avoidable. Every electoral action, now, is futile and dangerous and is better left to the bourgeoisie.
The Party must not take part in the elections.
On account of the crisis brought about by thae two questions the Socialist Party called a convention at Rome, in which it was decided that action was necessary and that the Party should call mass meetings to propagate the general strike for the release of all political prisoners, the withdrawal of the troops from Russia, the ending of the Tripolitan War and the immediate demobilization of the army.
The general strike started in Milan, Rome, Turin, Bologna and many other big industrial oemaa, resulting, in many places, in civil war. The government is using the question of Fiume to revive the hysteria among the masam and thus stampede the revolution. It will use Fiume for political purposts in the coming elections, and by this means the revolution may for a short time be postponed, but it cannot be averted. The forces which create revolution are active and the state is in complete bankruptcy.
Another general strike is called for May Day and all over the country the workers are massing for action. On the result of these dﬂnonmtiona depends the immediate future of the revolution in Italy; if the government or: survive May Day the revolution may be delayed for some months.
The Party has decided to sever connections with the reactiomry Second International and align with the Third International on ﬁle basis of the Bolahevik call.
The National Executive of the Irish Labor Party has issued acall for a gmm alatrikoon May Day.
ltisuoteharwhatharitiapropoaedtohaveaoue day strike for the general purpose of demonstrating Irish Iabor solidarity with their comrades throughout the world, or whetha May lat is to see the initiation of a general strike aimed against the government The reactionary independent unions of Belfast, whose leaders were responsible for breaking the recent general strike in that city, have suggested that Labor down took on May 3, giving us the reason that Saturday falls on the: day end is a half holiday. Commenting on this action the Voice of Labour. oﬁcial organ of the Irish Tramport and General Workers Union, believes that the rank and ﬁle in Belfast will stand with their brothers for May new factor is the Limerick situation, which has developed since the National Executive Committee issued its call, and it is believed that Ith labor will now utilize May Day for a nationwide atrike in sympathy with the Limerick Soviet strike.
England Robert Williams, general secretary of the Transport Workers Federation, aent the following message calling for a May Day strike, to the London Daily Herald. As one actively associated with the Triple Industrial Alliance, let me congratulate you upon the stirring appeal in the editorial today to that organization to decide upon aetiou. swift, sharp and atern. The Triple Alliance and the Labour Party are asked immediately to summon an Industrial Parliament to grapple with the present situation. The Labour Party Executive has passed a strong resolution upon the terms of the Miners resolution submitted to the Labour Party league of Nations Conference. The Parliamentary Committee of the Trades Union Congress, however, is standing directly in the way of the wishes of the organized work people of the country. Organised workers are determined that conscription should be resisted by every possible means, but the Farliamentary Committee, as its name would indicate, believes in lobbying and deputations. This matter of conscription concerns all organized workers, both outside and inside the Triple Alliance. Labour is accustomed to demonstrate on May Day or on the ﬁrst Saturday or Sunday in May, wording to varying circumstances. Labour In Time of War By Louise Bryant.
WWI wonder mad those to whom this war has brought new Love and faith in their Iellows, For my soul that had these thing!
I: slowly become desolate As the hillside after the passing of the lumberman.
Pitilul with the wreckage a splendid visions sit idle, barren; Myresdeuhandapasmrtksliﬂledtiuyoflife Seeking, Butthawhiekomoonmadodtbmlom and would not be an. Ash nothing them. My eyes become cold, They rest Milenndy on the desolation of bottle 14! Ont edaadlteapaoﬂhouaaboe ridﬁeunbam visions o the leave.
But my foolish can still lineFor who: they one: hoped to hear.
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The rm OI tho armies of be worldahouldmakeupitsmindtotakethesameamon in this country as was taken by organised labour in Ireland when conscription was about to be thrust upon the Irish people. Let us, therefore, cammeooe by doing as Ireland did, and have a uni veraal stop day on May The Miner: Federation I, already pledged to a general stoppage for one day upou ths ﬁrst Monday in May. Perhaps the Minera Conference at Southport, to he held on Tuesday and Wednuday, will give a lead to organised labour by do claring their stoppage shall take place on May We must all now choose between Karl Marx and Winston Churchill. It is quite possible thst if the Miners Federation make strong representation to the Triple Alliance that body will back the Miners action. It would therefore be incumbent upon all trade unionists to consider favorably Inch a powerful lead as they would be offered. In every trade union there are resolute and courageous am who are as bitterly opposed to conscription as the Miners. Unfortunately for the members of these other organizations there is not such strength of character at the head of aﬁaira as there is with the Miners. The whole of the organized workers of Coventry, it is reported, have daermined upon this action. The workers of Britain want a lead; here is their opportunity. Do not let us demonstrate in a wishy wasby manna for the Workers International while Winston Churchill and his associates want to prepare two million bayonets to suppreaa the Worker! International throughout Europe. Ihe National Executive of the British Labor Party formulated a statauent of its policy at the league of Nations Conference held in London in the ﬁrst wed: in April. We reprint the state ment in part. The Committee have also considered the Conscription Bill now before Parliament to he unnecessary, and a direct violation of election pledges given by responsible Ministers at the late general election, and demand its withdrawal. The Committee have also taken the Russian situation into special consideration, and, in the name of the politically organized warkingclaaa and Labour movement, reiterate their demand that the policy of military interference in Russia ahal be stopped forthwith. They regret that the inability of the Government to make up their minds regarding their attitude to Russia has meant that British soldiers have been left practically isolated in Murmanak and Archangel, and exposed to attack; the Committee express an emphatic opinion that an arranganent should he made which will lead to the immediate cessation of hoatilitia and the safe withdraws of British troops from Russian soil. The Committee have also considered the ountinued retention in prison of political and military oﬂ enders, inclr Iing Conscientious Objectors. and declare that an amnesty should be granted at once Spin The preparations for contacted action by the Spanish workers on May I, have so alarmed the government that the workaa have hem moboliaod aaeoldimtoearryon uﬁalau vioouodﬂ militarylawinthoevmtofagmalstriks.
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