Page THE MILITAN HE letter sent to the Young Workers (Com munist) League of America after theFifth angressof th Young Communist Internationalwas not niade available to the League ranks until an. appreciable period after it was received, The agents of. League natior eyes the YSC. document found. disfavor, ref 50: to the simple expedient of withholding its pu ion and suppressing its circulation. Dew spi. e the protests of the minority, the right wing Polcom of the Party supported its League adher eats, and it was not until the minority had ap pegled toitheiExecutive Committee of the ;Y. I, andmhe. Iatter had responded, demanding the im mediate publication of the letter, that it was fin ally published. The minority in the League is as jubilant over thinletter and victory as a condemnedprison er. whoihasgeceived three days of grace.
Theyseem to have forgotten entirely the les. spun as a pikestaff, to be learnedfrpmthe relation of the to the struggle ingthe. Wand Party in the past few years.
nec, sary therefore to repeat them. he must follow, and has followed, the. ne of the on the Ameri can qu. tron. ich has been, unfortunately, on the whole fp the political support of the Ruthen begg group? Every decision of the which ap be favorable towards the, pres ent min. y en at a time when it was 11 majority of. 5N. invariably ended its brief career being transformed into support of the Loves one (Zam) group in the league.
This occurred even though the present Ini ty inthe :League vhad, at every decisive point, a ma!
jority offhetmernbership behind its policies. and, leadership. Each time this majority was mechani cally routed; ithcr by a thunderboltdecision. of the flashy wits representatives to the League here, only factional gerrymandering by the. Love stone CeritrahCommittee of the Party, When the latter me 0d was used, the C, did not find a wordof griticismrto make.
We. recall,. for nstance, the scandalous action of the. Lovestone atvChicagojn 1925, where an established majori ty delegation for the present minoritygroup was squeezed into a minority against the will of the membership and with the acquiescense of the. YuC IWe recall the post convention period when thepoliéy of the representativewas the fraudulent :Z unity line which consisted in driving the W831i and spineless elements. of the rity group into the Zam group and thus.
liquidating the factinnal fight. Later on. it is true. a somewhat different song was sung after Considerable damage had been caused. We to call the fourth convention of the League. New Y is, 19217. Despite a favorable previous deci sf of the to the then majority of the C, thegenuinc unity group, both the reprseoi. tivesoffiieil and the turned the Convention andtthe present overto the hands ofthe Zam group, on the basisof the fact that. the. Comintern had given its political sup port: intherl? y to the Lovestone group.
What is heqpolitical line followed in the pr sent decision of the that would lead anyone to believe that a new era has dawned? nteztt the letter of the C, I, once we di o the, ttle bonbons it gives to the 3min, emit a. ely that of the decision on the American uest on of the Sixth Congress of the Cumin e. a denial of themain pol itical Coptenti. the minority thatthc Partygleader Ship is anght giving which must be removed. Notpne of» the groups can claim the title real Left or ace raur First prfltlel! we JQRAFI PROGRAM 0F :rHE. GWET INTERNATIONAL Criticism of Fundamentals vflV iwthfgvm Inf gductian by James :P. Gaan, on AQY SOON cents pcrACopy a sun. nun nunnnnn uin u iu i. ni nuinitii uII, lImyum nulli IIlIIIItil Aqéil lllllllhplljljllljjl esrone who are in control of the execlltive committee, in whose in the League convention khbsolutelynothing! Objectively analyzed, thel.
e the other of being Right. So y. 1n C. V.
called Right errors were committed by all groups. One must CONDEMN THE REVIVAL OF GROUP STRUGGLE IN THE AMERICAN YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE. The as well as the Communist Party of the United States, have been guilty of a series of Right opportunist errors but both contending groups are responsible for them.
Not even Lovestone himself «although he may and does make a few grimages at some of the for mulations could phrase it more satisfactorily. Is he not ready to say in the middle of the night that he has made some right errors also, that fac»
tional struggle is evil, that the League be united on the line of the CI. and and that the League or any part of it shall endeavor not to be connected with either fractional group in the Party. The League Lovestone group is preparing to maintain control of the organization by all means.
The process of cutting the minority to pieces is proceeding right merrily. The functionaries of the minority have been Either removed or wangled out of position throughout the country. attempted removal of Mates in Pittsburgh; rémoval of Frank!
feld as in New York; the squeezing down of the minority in Chicago and the mechanical usurpation of control by Plott and Lurye; the foist ing of the two eastern statesmen, Shohan and Schaap, on two western districts; the removal of Don and Rijak from the New York etc, etc. etc. The minority has further given shame!
faced support to the expulsion for their views in support of the Russian Opposition of the two leaders of the Chicago league, Glotzer and Zalisko, of Carl Cowl in Minneapolis, of Morganstern, Lankin and Goodman in Philadelphia, of others in New York and elsewhere. Indeed the entire ques tion of the issues raised by the Russian Opposi ionled by Trotsky now confronts the League min, ority with its full force and demands of them a.
clear cut position which they have thus far not given. They are showing a vacillation which they never learned in any school of Bolshevism.
They flutter about piteously. between calling Trotskyism a left danger or a right danger.
They participate in the selfrdebasing campaign of heaping attacks upon Trotsky and the Opposition, and pour: the official, newly warmed over pap down the already raw threats of the young mem bership which tries to digest it between gasps and welleorganized and well timed cheers for the new revelations.
The League minority comrades continue to rely onrand be led by, elements whose most mali cious enemies could never accuse of consistency.
Their entire record has demonstrated that for them dialectics is construed as a license for changing their minds every fortyrcight hours. For them mediocrity is placed at a premium, The minority must wake up every morning in a cold sweat and reach trembling for the latest paper to see whether or not the night has passed successfully without a newreversal of position by these shifting elements. Neither the Lovestoneites in the League, nor the bulk of therminority comrades themselves, take the latter protestations of antirTrotskyism serious: ly, They cannot speak with conviction of. TrotI sky errors on the questions of socialism in one country, the Chinese revolution, the Anglo Rus»
sian Committee,, and so forth, for the simple reav son that they do not believe them to be errors.
Some of them realize already that tomorrow they will themselves be confronted with their record of today feeble huzzahs for expulsion of the sup porters of the Opposition, since they must soon choose between the position of the right wing (Lovestone) and the viewpoint of the Russian Op. pesrtion, and the choice of that tomorrow is ale ready on the agenda. They cannot continue with the poppycoek of educating the Communist youth against the Russian Opposition Platform whichmanyof them hesitate to study and under»
stand for fear of the consequences which inevitav. ble convrction would bring. They should remem berV the admonition of Lenin, particularly to the Communist youth (in his speech at the 3rd Con.
gress of the Russian Communist whowould dream of boasting of his Communism on that basis of the ready made conclusions taught to him, without performing the in st serious, the most difficult and persistent work without understanding the facts of which he should be extremely critical, would be a miserable Cominur nist indeed.
The genuine Oppositionists in the League who havetaken a principlestand on the basic questions of the International movement «and suffered ex pulsionvfor their views are showing the way. M0. genstem. Lankin and Goodman in Philadelphia, Glotzer and Zalisko in Chicago, Cowl and others in Minneapolis, Gerry Allard in the mine fIEIds, the League group in Akron these are names of honor. They are showing the hesitant leaders.
how to adopt a principle position and stand up and fight for it as befits a Communist. They are set!
ting an example for those who really want to lead.
Around them and their example will be crystallized.
the Bolshevik nucleus of the League which not only in words but in deeds will struggle for the reorganization of its leadership on a proletarian Communist basis and for the establishment of the League in its rightful place in the vanguard of the historic struggle now developing in the Partyf this? was.
Lovestone Smashes the Right Danger The huge imposture which the Lovestone CBC. is carrying on in the name of a. fight against the right danger in the Party is on in full swing. The bewildered observer who cannot understand how this faction can properly conduct a fight against opportunism without exterminating itself has ap»
patently not yet even begun to fathom the re!
sourcefulness and ability of our Party leaders.
For them even such a superhuman effort is quite possible, and that by the simple method of discovering a right wingdanger in quarters other than their own. What couldrbe more convenient?
In the Daily Worker of November 23, 1928, John Sherman, one of the reporters, wrote a story on the Hooverythree billion dollar stabili. zation fund proposal. It was neither brilliant nor correct, that is to say it was neither better nor worse than many stories, articles and editorials that appeared before and since, written by far more responsiblesppkesmen for the Party and but littleimproved by the corrections which usually follow them the very next day in a. special col umn on the editorial page reserved for this pur pose. It was Sherman misfortune to concoct his arti»
cle at a time when a blood sacdifice was necessary.
No sooner had it appeared than the eagle eye of the sentinel on the beleaguered watch tower of the Polcorn espied it. Immediately the agitrprop and organizational departments of the Party were mobilized for action. special meeting of the Polcom was called to. considen the menace of Sherman.
Who, it was asked, is John Sherman? All, we know of him is that he came to the Party a short while ago from City College of New York, that alma fnater from which so many of his inquir.
sitors have leaped directly into leadership of the Party without any intermediary stops in the tut!
moil of the class struggle. But whom does he rep»
resentl Who follows him in the Party? Who, outside of a handful of comrades in the Daily, Worker office, had even ever seen or heard the name of this terrible ogre before he broke into un willing notoriety?
These doubters and conciliators who asked these questions, these objective supporters ofvthe right wing, were quickly and mercilessly suppressed.
All the 124an guns of the Lovestone group, Lovestone, Bedacht, Minor, Pepper and Wolfe, were wheeled into action. The breech was loaded, the range found, the. muzzles trained, a barrage laid down, and when the smoke of the terrific de tonation had cleared, the target was riddled to bits.
On the battlefield, twittering and fluttering with.
pain, lay a tiny sparrow.
The next day, the somewhat stupefied Sherman, blinking his amazed eyes In the white glare of the unaccustomed and pitiless publicity, delivered his unconditional capitulation, He repented his shame, less opportunist boldness, denounced himself for being (or having been) a menacing right winger, welcomed the sock in the jaw given him by the Polcom, and in turn delivered a sock at this danger and Trotskyism which is its crassest form.
Thus ended the first big engagement in the war to make the Party safe for Opportunism.
Fiercer battles are feared, however, in the near future. O I E Comrade Maurice Specter, former editor of the Canadian Worker and the Canadian Labor Monthv ly, who has been expelled from the Communist Party of Canada for his support of the Russian Opposition, rhas joinedthe staff of The Militant as Associate Editor and will contribute articles regularly.
Comrades. Ivishin gsto communicate with comrade Spector should address him at 231 Palmerston Avenue, Toronto, Qntqgwnada. December H, 1928. Recembcr 17 1918. TILE MILITANT Page 7 The Right Danger in the American Party CONTINUED FROM LAST ISSUE VI. Insufficient Appreciation of Leading Role of Party and Failure to Build It.
The political Secretariat of the ECCI found it necessary to state in its letter of April 13th to our Party that it deems it necessary to call attention to. the tasks Of the Party irr the sphere of leader, ship of the growing workersl mass movement, the Secretariat further stated that our Party has now as its major task to mobilize and to organize the (workers under its banner against the capitalist oft fensive. it. is immediately necessary to intensify the ideological and organizational preparation of the Party, especially the local Party organization, to enable it quickly to mobilize its forces and means and thus to make it ready for a leading role in the developing class struggle.
The insufficient appreciation of the leading role of the Party and the failure to build the Party to. which this letter called attention it one of the main characteristics of the Lovest one group. This is shown by the following facts: Overemphasis on labor party. Slowness and delay in deciding upon and announcing our own. election campaign. Lovéstozie article April Com nunist. Delay. in acting on minority motion of February 29a? for mobilization of Party for our own electiOn campaign. Allowing SP to enter field first. The Palke n, Bearak and Milwaukee cases (sup port of Socialist Party candidates. The tendency to make our Party into a mere inr strument for organizing Labor Party. Minnesota. describing our election campaign as an organic part of the Labor Party campaig ni (Lovestone. The tendency to look upon our own election campaign as of less importance than the labor party campaign. The tendency to look upon our Party merely as the left wing in farmerrlabo organizations (running party candidates in primary elections without state!
ment that they are Communists. Minnesota. Resistance to Party leadership, in trade union. work (needle trades. Absolute denial of Party leading role (Furriers Union, and Workers Delegation to the USSR. Failure; to carry on genuine Communist edul cation and trainingflpportunist confusing of mass workers educationpn the education of the Pany membership and training of Communist cadres LWQrkersD School. Failure to build Party in campaigns.
work and permitting foreign language organizations, consisting of housewives, to take the leading role despite repeated demands of the International Wo»
men Secretariat.
11. Sectarian approach to Party building (Bedacht separation of Party building work from mass work. 12. Refusal to print Swabeck pamphlet on in»
ternal Party organization and Party building.
13. Non recognition of Party role in Women work. The working women will march to power through trade unions, through clubs, housewives organizations, through cooperative leagues, and through a labor party. First issue New York Working Women, 1928. y 14. The official organ of the Party, the Daily Worker, affords a devastating example of the un derestimation of the role of the Communist press as the collective organizer of the Party and the masses as described by Lenin. As an organ of a Communist Party, the Daiily Vorker is seriously deficient. There has been a systematic liquidation of Communist per litical writing in the Daily Worker to the point Where its Communist character has been weakened. Comv rade Minor, the editor, made a motion in the PolitI ical Committee on April l9th, 197. 8; to permit the publication of the establishment of anti war depart»
ment in the paper April lst. Instructed to publish articles against Shipstead, Comrade Minor was obliged to make a motion to turn the work over to the Agitt Prop. On the ground of the almost total depri»
vation of the Daily Worker of all political writers at the present time. One of the chief political writers of the Daily Worker for the last five months has been Comrade Nearing, whose articles almost. Without exception, contain gross reformist and petty bourgeois errors. There has been a systematic liquil dation of tried Communist journalists on the staff and their replacement by elements whose training has been acquired on the capitalist press. The line has been to try to make Communists out of journalists rather than to train Communists as journalists.
The Daily Worker today gives neither a picture of the class struggle in the USA nor any Communist analysis of even the main features of imperialist dev elopments. The Daily. Norker has been treated frivolously by the Lovestone group both in the editor»
ial and management departments (the appointment of three separate business managers in less than two years all of them incompetent and all appointed for factions reasons, and rejection of proposal to apt point Comrade WagenknechC,. thc most co mpetetent comrade for the position. Building the prestige of the Daily Workers is a major task which now confronts the Party. Its editorial staff must be organized from among the best polit»
icafly equipped comrades. 15. Failure to utilize the mass campaigns to Party, allowing Vof the nuclui take place, are 2 10. Failure to create Party appartus for Women The following Is the third installment of the docuf ment submitted by the delegation of the Opposition in the American Party to the Sixth World Congressio the Communist International, in July 1928 and signed by James Cannon, William Foster, Villiam Dunne, Alex Biltclman, VJ. Jobnstone, Manuel Game: and George Siskind.
The statement In the Daily AWorker of December II, 1928, that immediately upon request of the Opposition, the Central Executive Committee instructed the Daily Worker to print this document is false. Even before the delegates returned from the Sixth lv orld Congress of the Comintcm, the Lovestone Polcom had defeated motions made by the minority to publish in the Party press the speeches and platform of the minority delegates to the Congress.
The document printed here had to be circulated surv reputiously by! the minority, and when it was discovered by the Polcom majority, it, together with other documents was officially denounced as antiIParty, and its circular ion strictly prohibited. This document was written in July. Only after five months had elapsed, and after its publication had commenced in The Militant, did the Lovestone make the generous gesture or print ing it in the Daily Worker. Ed: u nu nn uunuun Iunun unnununuu 15. Extravagant financial programs which place unduly heavy burdens upon the membership and make it difficult for the lower paid workers to join and remain in the Party and fulfill the demands made upon thy.
VII. OPPORTUNIST APPLICATION OF UNITED FRONT POLICY The CI. line against the United Front from the top with reactionary trade union, liberal and So?
cialist Party leaders, and for united. front with the workers against them applies with special emphav sis in America. The new objective factors making for the discontent of the masses and strengthening their impulse and will to struggle create increasing!
ly favorable conditions for the application of the united front tactics directly with the workers and leading them in the fight against the reactionary leaders and the capitalists. The firm adherence to this basic conception is a prerequisite for the full utilization of the possibilities to broaden ahd intensify the fight of the workers and build the Party.
Thecomplete degeneration of the Socialist Parr ty and its incOrp oration into the capitalist of police machine puts before the Party as one of its essential tasks the smashing frontal at, tack against it and its entire leadership all along the line in order to destroy its influence over the workers.
The Lovestone majority has not understood the CL policy on the united front and has applied it in an opportunistic manner. This is demonstrated by a whole series of gross errors, many of which remain unacknowledged and uncorrected.
Examples which illustrate: the opportunist line in this respect may be cited as follows: False estimation of the Socialist Party and calculation on a left wing within it which would work with us for a labor party. This is indicated by the motion of Lovestone to send a iimber of comrades into the Socialist Party for the purn pose of working for our labor party policy in the Socialist Party. and the rejection of the motion by the minority declaring osuch tactics to be false and calling for a policy of frontal attack against the Socialist Party all along the line. Poledm.
Minutes, December 14, I927. The same policy was executed in the support in the elections of the Socialist Judge Panken, an agent of the black gang in the needle trades who was likewise, supported by the Republican Party and the New York World and New York Times.
The majority stubbornly defended this decision in, spite of the most energetic protest of the minority; the support of the Socialist Bearskin Boston; arid the proposal to support Berger, the National Chair man of the Socialist Party in Milwaukee. critir cized in the letter of the The policy in the Panken case was not an inciv dental error; it proceeded from a false conception of the Lovestone group. It was proposed as a nation: al policy in a program subnfitted to the Polcom by, Comrade Love stone, which contained the provir sion that our Party should run candidates on own ticket only in those cases where it can be d7. without endangering the election of candidates running locally on the tickets of other Working class parties. Point 22 of Lgvcstone propds als on the Labor Party Campaign, Polcom Minutes, Oct. 7, 1927. The Open Letter to the Socialist Party, an error of the Polcom as awhile which was pointed out in the letter of the The united frb 7 madeb y the Party leaders of the Furricr Union, members of the Lovestone group in the Party, with the soacalled middle group in the Union, under conditions which surrender the leadership to the latter and on the basis of a. written agreement Containing the unheard o provision that there shall be no Party or clique control 9f the Union. Building united front in Antirlrnperialist.
work too much on top arid with liberalg an not from belowamong the workers. Conceal: the role and face of the Partyin AntivI rnpe rialieIt work. Removal of Comrade Gomez as Secretary of: the Anti Imperialist League in order thisec ure a. nonvCommunist or someone not know as.
Communist. 4(Polcom Minutes, December 21, 1927 reconsidered at a subsequent meetinglun der pressure of minority. Failure to do serio an imperialist work as shown by refusal send cirkersinto the American forces in China and Nicaragua on the ground that it wizs necessary to proceed slowly and concentrate on Writ at. home. Failure to publicly criticize Brophyv ahd othc progressives in the Mine Workers Union united front despite numerous recordxmo tionsro that ef fect passed under pressure of the minority. Wrong form of united front with sorta 116d Tolerance Group and Shelly grbupjirf the In. temational Ladies Garment Workers Union; fail»
ureato criticize them, failure in the unite front with them to build our o wn strength andrfbrtes in the w; United front with Brennan in the Miners Union under conditions which rehabilitated the prestige of this faker and brought discredit on the Party and weakened its forces in the Anthracite, Liberal, legislative, constitutional and vul»
garly American line in the Council for the Protection of the Foreign Born. Opposition to leading role of Negro prole tariat in united front Negro race Incivement by, Comrade Moore,. Party leader of Negro work, corrected by Polcom on the initiative of the min)
IO. Persistence in organizing workers and fax7 e rs in one Party (Farmer Labor Party) contrary to decision.
11. Wrong orientation in Women work, basing it on housewives instead of devoting main attention to women in industry despite repeated letters from the International Women Secretariat on this point. Failure to draw women in dustrial workers into leading activities; the entire lead committee for women work in New York is composed of school teachers, with the exception of Comrade Wortis, a leading right winger in the needle trades. CONTINUED IN NEXT ISSUE ItCan andWill Be Done Our opponents circulate two contradictory stories about us. They say one day that We are financed by the wealthy enemies of the Party and the working class. The next day they say we will never be able to publish an!
other issue of THE MILITANT. Both Ibcsc stories are like all their stories.
Complacent officials who stand aloof from the revolu tronary workers and knew nothing of their spirit and capacity for sacrifice cannot believe that a small group of them could dare to take such a burden as the publi cation of a paper on their shoulde. But we have bce identified With many such proletarian enterprises in the past and know that we are only doing over again what has often been done before by convinced revolutionaries.
The generous contributions of a small group. of Com!
munist workers who have stood with us from the first, plus loans made on personal responsibility, plus vol»
untary work, has made possible the first two issues of THE MILITANT. The same resources, plus the help of a wider circle of supporters, will make possible the continued publication of THE MILITANT and its do velopmcnt into a weekly, the publication of the pamply lcts and other necessary expenses of our principle. rugglcl We say this because we are convinced that the Conv mnnist workers Jlll increasingly support us as the issurs are made clear to them. The comparative fewyxhon e beginning his historic struggle arc unavoidably required to make hea y sacrifices in this respect and are doing so. It, is now absolutely necessary to organize the fi nancial support on a wider basis. Your help is also needed in this revolutionary work. The must depend able financial foundation for our great enterprise; Is the regular weekly or monthly contributions of sympathetic, workers to the sustaining fund. The organization o this fund has already taken place. If you agree with the object it is your duty to iclp. n thePledgc,, Fund andl scnd, your contribution THB» MILITANT, Box; 126, Mddiéon qnai eSt New? York Citya.