for the Page THE MILITANT November 15, 19281 EV years have gone by since the Russian workers took the hammer of revolution in their hands and broke the chain of World 1111 erialismgat its weakest link The history of the whole intervening period represents on the one hand the efforts of the imperialists to forge that chain together again and bind it tighter around 1;t 1e, enslaved asses and, on the other hand, the struggle of the proletariat to tear it apart from the whole of humanity.
The Russian Revolution was not merely a na nal e ent it was the beginning of and signal ional Proletarian Revolution. Here»
lies its true iiieaning, its great historic signifier a nce From. this standpoint the revolutionary wo keis of the world hail the cause of Soviet Rus sia as their cause 011 the eleventh anniversary of her October.
The Russian Revolution broke forever the unity of the world and divided it into two hostile eanips the camp of imperialist exploitation and the camp of social 1evolution. At one polar ex treine stands America the strongest imperialist world power. At the other stands the USSR. the land of the workers rule. The antagonism be. tween them and the systems they represent is irreconcilable. They cannot live together per!
manently side by side. The victory of the Soviet system on a world scale means the liberation of en»
slaved humanity and its ascent to heights of culture and achievement beyond our dreamsbvto socialism and beyond that to Communism The Victory of imperialism would huil civilization into the abyss Such is the issue of the epoch of wars and revolu tions in which we live and fight.
Slogans for Today Moscow wireless to the Daily Worker (11 192 8) reports that the leading article of the Pravda of October 1, has raised the following slogans as most apt to the present for the elev enth anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution: Against the Kulak! Against the Nepman! Against the Bureaucrats!
Less than a year ago, at the 1)th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the leaders of the Opposition raised precisely these 51 us to be adopted by the Party For this ser vice Trotsky, Radek, and dozens of the best and most loyal Bolshevik fighters were expelled from the Party» and many of them sent into exile and worse.
The adoption of these slogans now, after a harmful delay of two or three years, is a typical example of the zigzag policy that has characterized the course of the Central Committee in general, and the Stalin group within it in particular. And even their adoption at this point cannot, in the face of what has happened in the past, be taken at full face value?
At the 14th Party Conference the decision on the leasing of land and the employment of wage workers in the village was a concealed concession to the Kulaks The consequence of this false measurev the extension of the franchise to exploit ing elements in the villageAwas only a logical step in the direction of the course which yielded to the pressure of the private capitalist elements in town and village; Armed with Stalins slogan at the 14th Co ence of the Party of Fire against the Left hich he later attempted to deny having issuetl vthe Opposition was made the ob. ct of the Party blows while the Kulak and the Nep man stiength waxed under the false policy of the Central Committee The demands of the Opposition for a struggle against the Kulak so as to weaken his power and influence and prevent his growth at the expense of the poor and middle peasantry were violently rejected. As late as 1926, Stalin denounced them. as raisers of; alarm. of panic. At the 15th Party Conference (November 1926) Buch: arin aske riumphantly: Since the Kulak has be come so ormidable, why has he not played us some nasty1trick? new, anti Leninist and revisionist. conception of the Kulak began to ape peen in the ranks of the Party The Kulak is growing into soc1alism, announced Bucharin The Kulak is a bogey from the old weild.
0111. represented by a few individuals already in the process of extinction, wrote Boguschevsky. Quiz policy with regard to the villagemust adr The Russian Revolution revivified tlic revulu. tionary movement of the world and inspired the proletarian masses with new confidence and hope.
It lifted up the banner of socialism, trampled in the mud of social patriotism by the traitor leaders of the socialist parties, and made it again syn onymous with lnternationalism. Lenin, the leader of the Russian Revolution, was also the leader of the Communist International which arose out of the ruins brought about by social treason in the war. Eleven years of the dictatorship of the pro letariat has confirmed everything that Lenin taught about the international significance of the revolur tion and the indissoluble bonds between it and the world proletariat.
Soviet Russia is the fortress of the World Rev, olution. While it stands the imperialist system shakes on its foundations Every attempt at stab ilization brings greater insecurity and dcc per con»
tradictions. The example and the brotherly help of Soviet Russia inspires and strengthens the move!
ment of the workers and oppressed peoples throughout the world. The flag of our Socialist Fatherland is the flag of our hope and on this eleventh anniversary we again hail it as our own, Between the Soviet Republics united in the USSR. and the international revolutionary prO letariat there is an organic connection. They are bound together spiritually and politically They are united by ties of mutual solidarity which no power on earth can break. Just as the Soviet Rer publics constitute an impregnable fortiess of the world revolution so is the international proletariat the protector of the Soviet Republics The revr olutionary workers see in every blow aimed at vance along the line of removing and restroying the many restrictions hindering the growth and undertakings of the well to do peasants and Kur laks, said Bucharin at the 14th Party Conference. we must say to the peasants, to all the peasants: Enrich yourselves, develop your undertakings, have no fear that you will be repressed As late as one year ago, the five year plan of national economy proposed by Rykov and KchichanOVSky hailed the decline in the private capitalist elements in town and country.
The repeated warnings of the Opposition not only went unheeded, but were denounced as de featism, pessimism, hopeful speculation on a crisis and in similar slanderous manner. The Opposi tion proposes to deprive the peasants of their last penny. The Opposition was endeavoring to in: duce us to bleed the peasantry to the utmost, to squeeze everything possible out of him. The Stalin Rykov Kuibyschev economy proclamation said that they were proposing to plunder the peas, antry. The Pravda sneered at the Opposition for its superrindustrialization, its noise about K111 lak and NE? dangers.
But events have their logic, and class forces and relations their irresistible pressure The grain requisitions of this year demonstrated to the hilt the correctness of the Opposition estimate of the growing strength and aggressiveness of the Kulak.
The conspiracy in the Donetz Basin tore aside the veil that concealed the bureaucratic corruption that had seeoed into the State, the economic and the Party apparatus The slogans adopted on the 11th anniversary, under the pressure of the Party masses and the persistent fight of the Opposition, Vlll acquire content, point and driving power when the entire line of the Opposition will be adopted along with them. They will receive their guarantee of realiza tion with the return to the Party of their original protagonists and most stubborn and consistent supa porters with whose fight they have always been associated. Unless Staliniwho has zig zagged from Fire against the Left! to Fire against the Rightl icapitulates to the Rykov Tomsky Kalinin right wing in the Polburo he will be forced to the left, to the lined the Opposition. The latter alternative is the logical outcome of the tendencies and situation in the Soviet Union and its Coma munist Party 111s.
To insure getting your copy of The Militant regularly you should immediately send in youi subscription. Rates are One Dollar per year Bundle orders can be had at cents per copy in bundles of ten or more. Send all communications to Box 120, Madison Square Station, New York, N1 Soviet Russia a blow aimed at their own cause and react against it as such. Te defense of the Soviet Union is our own fight. It is and will be a central rallying slogan of the labor militants of the entire world. Defend the Sbviet Union! is a Slogan leading the workers to follow the example of the Russian Revolution. So they must conceive it. So will the victory of socialism in Russia and through!
out the world be finally secured The victory of the Russian proletariat grew out of the World ar. The establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat in Russia and the organization of the Communist Internationalitwo vast achievements historically linked together are the plus signs against the slaughter of the milr lions and the collapse of the Second International.
The imperialist war makers and their socialist lackcys unleashed forces which they could not conrol.
The imperialist masters of the world want to take back these gains of the workers wrested out of the bloody pit of war and revolution. Armar ments are being multiplied on an unprecedented scale, War clouds darken the skies. War plans grow apacc. They are aimed primarily at Soviet Russia and through it at the entire international labor movement.
The celebrations of the workers throughout the world on this eleventh anniversary of the Russian Revolution must therefore be dominated above all by the solemn realization of the war danger and the steel resolve to meet it by revolutionary means; by the resolve to put all our weight and all our sacrifice in the scale for the cause of Soviet Russia which is the cause of the oppressed and exploited The Outlook Expose The revelations contained in the current number of The Outlook on the innocence of the martyred Vanzetti in the Bridgewater holdup and the scoundrelly cynicism of the authorities to whom the facts were vailable can only serve as corrobor ative evidence. The certainty of the entire innO cence of Sacco and Vanzetti of any of the crimes charged against them was long ago firmly established in the eyes of the militant working class.
The Outlook, a rabid supporter of the very sys tem that murdered the two Italian rebels, is con cerned only with covering the hideous, festering sores on the body of capitalist justice, to tie the working class to the chariot of confidence in the corrupt institutions of the masters. The duty of every classconscious worker, on the other hand, is ceaselessly to point out that the legal assassinaI tion of Sacco and Vanzetti was entirely in harmo ny with the processes of Justice as it is regularly dispensed to workers by the courts of their class foe.
There is no doubt that there will be more evi dence forthcoming in the future that will strike further blows at the toppling edifice of lies under which the martyrs were buried. Unfortunately, nothing can bring the two fighters back to the ranks of the working class. Their memory must serve not only as a permanent indictment against capitalism and an inspiring example of rebels cone duct, but as a mute appeal to every worker to take up and continue the fight for the defense of all class war prisoners. The case of Tom Mooney and Varren Billings, buried alive in Califor nia prisons for more than twelve years, is in point.
The over abundant proofs of their innocence, and the frame up that almost sent them to the gallows have been made public long ago It is the duty of cveiy workei to aid with all vigor in the fight for their belated release.
The campaign of International Labor Defense. for Mooney and Billings follows the right line in proceeding from the standpoint of the class strum gle, The essence of the task is to make the of lvlooney and Billings again a burning issue of the labor movement. militant fight, led and organized by the class conscious elements, is the best assurance for a speedy victory in this fight. prerequisite for this is a recognition of the great importance and potentialities of this issue. The opinion that the mass interest in this historic case cannot be revived is profoundly false. It is a question only of correct tactics and organization methods and energetic work The hope of Mooney and Billings of the Centralia LW. and of every other labor prisoner 111 the country lies in the pro test movement oi the masses.