July 26, 1919 Page Two THE COMMUNIST to say that the Third Interna perty of the man in the street, proudest fact ever knew. In conditions could be created tional was created. But things that no one needs a special ap deed, only two years ago we which would make possible the were better at our conference pointed theoretician for the were suffering under the op sittings of the conference of There were not only Russian pupose of drafting this pro pression of base Czarism. Our the Third International. We and German communists, but gram, that every worker of the omrades from abroad very have not lost our hopes for it, also official representatives of rank and file believes it to be often used to smile at us at the and facts indicate that this will Congresses. Very often they come about in the very near Austria. Some were arrested close at hand, that communism on the way, others traveled on is present everywhere. Every used to ask Plechanov: Tell future. But in the meantime, the truth, please. Do bears the honor of our party consists the bumpers of the trains for working circle thinks about it, eighteen days, and arrived in makes it a question of the day, walk in the streets under the in that here in Moscow, capitol a desperate condition. Com and considers it the main task. pen sky in your country? of the Soviet Republic, will be rades told us that the Austrian These cases are not exceptions. Even during the Zimmerwald held the sessions of the Third Communist Party had formed They show that communistic Congress, the situation was ap International and its Executive only four months previous organizations will keep on grow proximately such that all these Committee. Thus a great task Isolation was the cause of our ng more and more every day. people doubted that Lenin and is still ahead for our party, a ignorance of what was taking This is why we took upon our the rest of the comrades around greater one than before. Beof side spiri hegemony we place there, and the Austrian selves the boldness to proclaim him were representatives comrades did not know that in the International. At the be the Socialist working class in must help our comrades in the Germany (even between Aus ginning things took this course. Russia. We were delicately work of reconstruction under trying circumstances.
tria and Germany communica The representative of the Ger hinted about it; Alexroad and very tion was poor) our comradesman Communists almost ulti Martov subserviently connived They cannot work underground had decided to call themselves matively insisted that we re at it: Of course, they repre because they are made of difthe Communist Party. During main solely a conference, not sent no one. Such was the con ferent stuff, due to the fact that that period they created a com proclaiming a congress. The dition before. Now we have they had a different party. munist party which is growing Austrian comrades at that time something of which to be think that our party, no matter daily. From the report it can were not present, and the re proud. When the best elements how uneconomical in disposing Balkans of the workers world came to of its forces, must 28313t mate.
be seen that they already have presentative of the a majority in a number of in had failed to arrive. The Cen us, people whq recently lost rially the workers of other dustrial centers, and are even tral Committee of our party, such great leaders as Karl countries, and give nelp in or.
beginning to be successful discussing the situation, insist Liebknecht and Roza Luxem garization.
among the soldiers. Further, ed that we should form a Third burg, people who are considerWe see clearly the circumwe had an oficial representa International. But at the same ed the leaders of the most in stances under which the Third tion from Hungary. We know time we said that since the Ger telligent and enlightened, or International is being born.
that the Hungarian Commun man comrades were against it, ganized, most self sacrificing The First International, in fact, ist Party is growing stronger we could not allow strained re part of the working class of was formed in 1847, when every day. We had represent lations, in view of their ulti the whole world, they with an Marx and Engels predicted atives from the Balkan and matum. This was after they open heart confessed that the that the Socialist revolution French communists. We had had lost so heavily. And we spiritual leadership in the pre was at hand. Many said that representatives from a number said: Even if they are wrong, sent developing world revolu Marx and Engels erred, and of other groups, about which we should give in on this tion must belong to the Russian that their predictions came to point. This statement was communist Party. You know grief, and Engels replied: It you may have read in the pap made in the name of the Cen that the congress decided on is not astonishing that some of ers. And we can truthfully say tral Committee of our party. the platform of the Interna our predictions did not come that whatever there was in But as the delegates arrived tional. It was very easy to write true, but it is astonishing that Europe that was communistic and reports were read, the Ger out that platform. The only so many of Marx predictions was represented at our congress. Especially characterist man Communists became more thing to be done was to sum were realized. The First Inic was the news from the small lenient on that question. It be marize what had been written ternational fell in 71, together country of Switzerland.
Further theses were with the Paris Commune. From You came more and more clear to before.
us that if we should fail to pro read about the bourgeois de 1889 up to 1902 the Second Inknow that this country is a claim the International immesemi agricultural and petty mocracy and dictatorship, ternational acted. It had strong diately, it would mean a grave theses which were, in my opin and weak points. It gathered bourgeois republic. There the mistake, and a crime against ion, the most significant docu millions of workers who form.
working class represents only the working class. This ques ments in the history of interna ed strong organizations, which one third of the population. tion was brought up at the con tional socialism. We often used afterwards partly decayed, as What has been happening there for the last year? You gress. The German comrade to say that a communist mani the trade unions in Germany, refrained from discussion, but festo should be written. If but which gave an impetus for have heard of the great strikes when it was unanimously de there is any other document union to the oppressed classes.
which took place there. com cided that the Third Interna which could be more or less The organizational forms were munist group was formed and tional should be proclaimed, he compared with the Communist forged by the workers in the many circles were organized.
At one congress there were plause, said: Since the con which Lenin made public and rose, and amidst great ap Manifesto, it was the thesis struggle.
twenty three representatives of ference has decided, the Ger which the congress accepted. roundings, the Third InternaUnder entirely different gurcommunist organizations. The man Communists will be the workers of Switzerland elected first to join this Third Interna sed the attitude toward the while humanity suffers from The congress further discus asnal is being born. It is born one of their own numbers to tional.
draft a communistie program.
Berne conference, and charact the horrors of war. The workI think, comrades, that as erized it as did. Finally, the ing class is being bled to death.
To a simple worker on metal soon as the Central Committee conference discussed the ques Behind it are mountains of was instructed the task of German Communist tion of organization, and de corpses; in front, a burden of drafting a communist program, party is informed about the sit cided to form immediately an heavy taxes, a number of boura task given by a group of his uation, it will decide in the Executive Committee of the geois governments which try comrades. The significant same spirit.
thing is that he did draft it. It Third International, which in to provoke new wars. It is said How the conference worked cludes one representative from that things are cemented by is also significant that in the you know from the newspap each nation who must act, for blood. There is enough blood main features this program is ers. As a whole, the conference the time being, in Russia. We flowing under our Third Interthe same as ours.
made up the balance of that said it was temporary, and ad national. There is no stronger Comrades, when events such which is contained in the re ded that we would be glad it foundation than that which we as these take place, what dol solutions of our congress. We we should succeed in transferr created three weeks ago in they indicate? It means one of can say that the spiritual heg ing the headquarters of the Kremlin. It is an organization the greatest events in the his emony during the formation of Third International and the Ex which guarantees complete vietory of the working class. It the Third International absol ecutive Committee as soon as tory: which in the near future shows that the idea of com. utely belonged to the Russian possible to another capitol, say will bring us to an Internamunism has become the pro Communistie Party. This is the Paris. We should be glad iftional Soviet Socialist Republic.