THE CLASS STRUGGLE Vol. II MARCH APRIL. l9l8 No. CONTENTS v Changing Labor Conditions in Wartime. By Florence Kelley. 129 The Land Question in the Russian Revolution.
By 143 Forming a War Psychosis. By Dr. John Kallen. 161 The Future of the Russian Revolution. By Santeri Nuorteva. 171 The Tragedy of the Russian Revolution. Second Act. By Boudin. 186 Self determination of Nations and Self defense.
By Karl Liebkneeht. 193 Germany, the Liberator. By Ludwig Lore. 204 The State in Russia Old and New. By Leon Trotzky. 213.
Current Aﬁairs. 222 The new Danger. Peace by Negotiation.
Recall Bergen Strategy and Conscience.
Documents for Future Socialist History. 237 The Bolsheviki Rising. By Karl Kautsky.
The British Miners and the War. By Robert Smillie.
The (Io Operative Pa. 6? ISSpquSL. NewYorl TH? Clﬂ lSTlNGCIIF: Devoted to International Socialism Publidled byTheSocial lt PiblieaﬁonSodety, I9 LafayetteSt. Cly LumedBvuyTmelht ﬁSfaCopy; 0nYur mfwmsnwunm. IDUISCFRAINA. 1mm VOL. II MARCH APRIL, 1918 No. Changing Labor Conditions inWartime By FLORENCE KELLEY. Changes before America entered the War Since August, 1914, labor conditions in the United States have been changing incessantly, but the minds of the mass of wage earners have not kept pace with these changes.
Before the war European immigration into the United States had been, for several years, at the rate of more than a million a year, largely from the nations then at Wan Italy and the Balkan countries. This vast inﬂux almost exclusively of people of the wage earning class produced no conspicuous fall in wages. Unemp loyment was present, both seasonal and chronic as it had been for many years, but not obviously increased by the immigration. There was still enough cheap land and suﬁieiently rapid expansion of industry to keep wage conditions relatively stable.
Real wages were declining. The dollar was already buying less food, fuel and shelter from year to year. But this was recognized as permanent only by a very small group of writers led by Isbel King.
Then came the war followed instantly both by a reduction in immigration and by epidemic unemployment which led to no permanent organization either legislative or voluntary intended to prevent its appearance on an immense scale at the close of the war.