The Revolutionary Age Chronicle and Interpretation of Events in Europe.
Lotus Fumes. Editor annoxx MACALPINI. Arrociote Editor Contributing Editor: Scorr Nahum. Joiix Reno Sen Roux tam llouawrcn Warns rem. a.
ISSl ED EVERY WEDNESDAY AND SATURDAY By Local Boston. Socialist Party 885 Washington St. Boston. Mass.
Wednesday. November 27. 1918 Lonwrc Loni: MOONEY. STRIKES, AND THE of THE bureaucracy of the American Federation of Labor is not in favor of strikes as a protest against the pending execution of Thomas Mooney. Ollicers of the Federation. says a press report. are doing all in their power to effect executive clemency for Mooney because they believe there is a reasonable doubt of his guilt. Those who are declaring for strikes in sympathy with Mooney. says Frank Morrison. secretary of the lv. of are infected with ism. Executive clemencyl Instead of ﬁghting.
labor pleads; instead of demanding, labor begs.
Labor. as stultilied by the of is a humble beg war at the gates of Capitalism. Labor can demand. labor can take. if labor uses its industrial power as an instrument of action. Instead executive clemency! This is paltering. The Mooney case was a splendid means of arousing the revolutionaryinitiative and energy of the proletariat: but all action was limited to the courts.
to petitions. to pleas for executive clemency!
Labor should have spoken, should speak. in the clear accents of industrial action. Get the men and women out of the plants. march into the streets. get out the men and women from other plants. develop the political mass action of the industrial proletariat that is the answer to oppression. to injustice. to legal terrorism. Capitalism recognizes might alone speak in the words of gr uv «atrial might man cm. women ntdhe working class!
THEY ARE STILL THERE!
IT IS clear that there should be no intervention in Russia yet Allied troops are reported marching on Kiev. It is clear that intervention in Russia has proven a disastrous fiasco yet alien troops are still in Archangel and Vladivostok! Here and there liberal American opinion protests against ruction. unless the workers are willing to accept the criminal proposals of intervention in Russia.
In its November 16th issue, The New Republic says. Now that Germany is beaten and prostrate the most immediate need of the Allied nations is a new policy towards Russia. The existing policy of armed intervention was originally justiﬁed as an answer to German penetration in Russia and as an attempt with Russian assistance to restore the eastern front. These explanations are ceasing to have any meaning. German inﬂuence is no loii. penetrating Russia. Russian revolutionary inlluence is penetrating Germany. Intervention did not succeed in restoring the eastern front, because it met with Russian resistance rather than with Russian help. If under such circumstances the Allied troops remain in Russia it can only be for one purpose a purpose similar to that which kept German troops in the Ukraine.
Lithuania and the Baltic provinces. It willmcan that the Allied governments have decided to overthrow the Soviet Government in Russia and establisli in Russia a government more to their likinn. The military collapse of. Germany. accompauied as it has been by a political revolution. has strencthencd Bolshevism in Russia. Bolshevism did not thrive. as so many people in this country erroneously imagine. on the friendship of Germany. It throve on the hostility of Germany.
Just before the ﬁnal downfall. the German government drove the Bolshevik representative out of the country. because it feared him as an instigalor of revolutionary agitation. Bolshevism wdl not be weakened by the fall of the government with which it signed the Bmt Lttovsk Treaty.
But it will obtain a substantianl increase in prestice as a consequence of the advent of the revolutionary proletariat in Austria Hungary and Germany.
This is an excellent, if conservative. summary of the situation. It is conclusive proof that the THE REVOLUTIONARY AGE Allies have no business in Russia, unless it is counter revolutionary business. But alien troops are still in Archangel and Vladivostok!
DEVELOPING ALLIANCES THE press reports that the new German and the Russian Soviet governments have concluded an alliance. This is contradicted by the story that the German government has asked the Soviet to cease its agitation in favor of new revolutionary action in Germany against the government. This is closer to the facts. The Ebert Haase government, being a bourgeois Socialist government.
acting to prevent a proletarian revolution and pi olctnrian dictatorship, would necessarily reject an alliance with Soviet Russia. except antler very special conditions; its natural allies are the hourgeois governments of Great Britain. France and Italy. who are equally prepared to act against a proletarian revolution. This is proven by the frequency with which Socialist Chancellor Ebert invokes the Allies as a means of preventing delliiite revolutionary action. There probably is a Russo (lemma alliance. but it is an alliance between the Russian Bolsheviki and the German Bolsheviki; and should the revolutionary proletariat conquer all power in Germany and Austria.
the alliance would become ofﬁcial. That this alInuit is being prepared. in accord with internao tional proletarinii solidarity. is undoubtedly fact. as it is equally a fact that a broader alliance between all the revolutionary Socialists of Europe is being prepared. This is not in the news. of course. but that is not necessary. Should the revolutionary proletariat conquer (Inﬁnitely in Germany and Austria. a Socialist United States of Russia. Germany and Austria would emerge. with Lenin probably as its ﬁrst President.
Division of Power THE march of events in Germany is being accelerated. Events are moving much more rapidly than the news recently indicated, but in accord with Lenin prophecy of one year ago that the German revolution would be slow. very slow in starting. but once started. it would move with the speed of a locomotive.
This acceleration is being accomplished by a number of factors, ma and moral. The full disaster of the war is being realized with minded. shdder and rage at the system that produced it; the completion of the terms of the armistice projects the terrors of a bourgeois peace; soldiers and civilians approaching each other, the soldiers again thinking in terms of the proletarian class struggle and the civilians fraternizing with the soldiers; the disintegration of industry by the war imposes the necessity of a Socialist reconsttho status of helots in the days to come; and hunire. that hunger which tears at the witch; and quickens the mind. that formerly magniﬁcently organized hunger tolerated. if grumblingly, because of the hypnotism of military glory. is now the stark terrible thing that acts as the dynamite of revolutions. all this. and more. is creating a revolutionary psychology and proletarian action that are transforming the revolutionary crisis into the Social Revolution. This transformation is being, accelerated by the clear, deﬁnite and uncompromising activity and policy of revolutionary Socialism as represented by the Spartacus Socialists. The German proletariat is being and ornnized by the education and discipline of revolutionary experience.
The issue in this great struggle, the issue that is developing the antagonisms of the Revolution.
is the. issue comprised in the problem of power.
Shall power be vested in the liberal bourgeois deniocracv. in the Provisional Government; or shall power be vested in the revolutionary proletarian democracy. in the Councils of Workmen and Soldiers Delegates? And the slogan of the revolutionary Socialists. All power to the Councils. is becoming ascendant.
The actual revolutionary power in Germany re.
sides in the Councils. the organs of the revolutionary masses. But realization of this is not instant. Immediately after a revolution a twilight zone cmerces: the masses are dazed by events. bewildered by the brilliance. of their accomplishments. feeling that perhaps it may not all be true. unaware of their decisive power. not yet clear on the course to pursue and the new netiun required. developing their action for the. final conmiest of power. The Provisional yovernment of Ebert. Haase 6: Co. is a product of this twilight zone. But the power of this government rests on nothing more substantial than the im maturity and indecision of the revolutionary November 27. 1918 masses. The masses move. and the government tlgtters; the masses act. and the government colpses.
The government of Ebert. Haase 00. under pressure of the masses and the Councils. has compromised again and again. lts assumption of the designation. People Commissaires (after the Russian Soviet Council of People Comiiiissaires. was an empty gesture. meant nothing and solved nothing. since only a government exclusively of the Worlmieii and Soldiers Councils can be a government of the People sCommissaircs.
After having assumed plenary authority. the Pru visional Government divides authority with the Councils; after having decided to corivcne the Constituent Assembly. the government. again under pressure of the Councils, postpones the matter indcllnilely. The authority of the Councils issues directly out of the revolutionary masses: the authohrity of the government of a democratic republic can issue only out of the Constituent.
Assembly: accordingly. the Provisional Government teinimi ixing on the Assembly marks a serious decline in its prestige.
And now comes a still more serious compromise. presaging the end of the Provisional Governnicnt. tlic acceptance of an agreement with the Councils of urknien mid Soldiers by which power is divided between the two. This marks a decline of the Provisional Government and a corresponding increase in the power of the Counci The series of events culminating in this agreement was swift and drastic. Marines and workmen at Kiel and llaiiibiirg. whether by means of actual revolt or demonstration is not clear. repudiated the Provisional Government as counterrevolutionaixv. This coincided with the resignation of the i1 nctioiiary Socialist Scheidemann from the governincnl presaging the. repudiation of the whole Social Democratic Party of Ebert.
Scheidemann Co. Then the Executive Committee of the Councils in Berlin voted against the summoning of a Constituent Assembly and de manded a Congress of Councils. a decision that was made under pressure of the Spartacus Group and a challenge to the bourgeois democracy. which claniors for the immediate convocation of a Constituent Assembly. The Executive Committee of the Councils in Berlin declared that the People Commissaircs are merely the executive organ of the Councils Executive and subject to its advice At Kiel and Dusseldort the Spartacus Socialists usurpcd all authority. placing it in the Councils.
mid declaring a revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat: the Soldiers and Workmcn Coulicils in the lower Rheuish province. including those at Solingen and Reinshaid. accepted the Spartacus program of proletarian dictatorship: the Council at Brunswick unanimously declared against it Constituent Assembly and in favor of a Soviet Government: the Bremen Council expressed il complete accord with the Bolsheviki and urged an alliance with the Russian Soviets: and at Spartacus meeting in Berlin Liebknecht was acclaimed. the Russian Bolsheviki policy ac.
ccntml. and moderate Socialists refused a hearing.
The lmurgcoisz Socialist government of Ebert.
IInasc 8: Co. tried by dicker nml compromise to prevent a crisis. The result was the agreement by which it accepted division of authority with the Soviets. the agreement providing. First All political power is to be. in the hands of the German Socialist Republic and the Soldicrs and orkmen Council. Second Their aim is to defend and develop what has been achieved by the. revolution and to suprei all countewrevnlutionary activity. Third. ending the election of represents»
tires of the Soldiers and Vorkmen Councils to an executive council of the German Republic. the Executive Council in Berlin is to exercise its functions. Fourth The appointment and dismissal of all members of the. various legislative bodies of the Republic and. until the final Constitution is established. of Prussia. are to be made by the Central Executive Council. which also has the right of control. Fitth Refore the Cabinet appoints assistant ministers the. Executive Council must be can, suited. Sixth convention of delegates drawn from the Soldiers and Workmen Councils is to be.
summoned as soon as possible.
This is not the overthrow of the Provisional Government: it is not all power to the Councils.
not a dictatorship of the proletariat. The amement represents a compromise equallv by the government and by the Councils. a division of power which decides nothing. but which does ac.
complish one important thing: develops new an.