The Revolutionary Age Chronicle and Interpretation of Events in Europe Vol. I, No. Wednesday, November 20, 1918 Price, Gents The Trend Of Socialism in Europe 06 the Constituent Assembly until February suggests that the Scheidemann group are ﬁnding themselves in much the same predicament as was Ke rensky, while the demand by the soldiers that the Assembly be held immediately parallels the action of the Bolsheviki before the Noverrber revolution.
German soldiers returning from the front are disposing of their arms and munitions to the civilians for a few marks and the fact that the left wing Socialists are the purchasers would point to the possibility of an armed demonstration along the lines of the Bolshevik precedent. The report that the present govemment is attempting to exclude the Russian delegates or ambassadors would tend to strengthen this belief as it is only when these propagandists are achieving success that such measures become necessary. The capture of the censorship by the Soldier Councils is further evidence that the Soviet idea is spreading as this means that the councils will now control the agency of propaganda.
Such news as comes from Austria would indicate that all is not well with the bourgeoisie there; the failure of the last sitting of the Austrian Council of the Empire, the storming of the parliament building in Vienna by the Socialists, and the subsequent hoisting of the red ﬂag together with the capture by the Socialists of the Neue Freie Presse would indicate that the people have no intention of allowing their will to the thwarted.
The Revolution in Germany has an ally in the Socialist Soviet Republic of Russia; and it is developing new allies among the proletariat of the other European nations.
In Switzerland, Holland, Sweden, Denmark and Spain strikes, riots and demonstrations are sweqiing onward, symptomatic of a developing revolutioniry struggle everywhere in Europe against Capitalism and Imperialism. Bolshevism in Austria seems to be sweeping onward almost as rapidly as in Germany.
While these governments of Europe are intriguing against the Soviet Republic, eager to crush Bolshevism in Russia, the European proletariat is accepting the revolutionary Socialist struggle against Imperialism.
In Switzerland strikes and riots are raging, while the Bolshevik Legation has been expelled. general railway strike has been declared, strikers and troops have clashed in Zurich, and trade and industry is paralyzed. The :Swiss revolutionary Socialists have acted as purveyors of information between the Social ists of the belligerent nations, and to the neutral world.
They have particularly rendered service in spreading information about Soviet Rissia. They are brow turning to action.
THE decision of the German government to put Denmark is seething. Strikes and riots have broken out in Demnark. Independent Socialists in Sweden have issued a manifesto urging the formation of Workmen and Soldiers Councils in order to establish a Socialist Republic. General demobilization of the army and an eight hour working day are demand ed. The Socialist paper Politiken urges the can vocation of a. Constituent Assembly elected by general suffrage. demonstration against the crown and the dynasty was held Monday in Copenhagen.
TheSocial Democratic Party of Holland, representing the revolutionary group, has issued a manifesto in favor of a Soviet government, and pledging its solidarity with Bolshevik Russia. The Dutch government is apprehensive of oncoming Bolshevism. Intensive revolutionary propaganda is being carried on.
The Social Democratic Party, the party of Anton Pannecoek, Henriette Roland Holst, Herman Gorter and Wynkoop is completely Bolshevik, and one year ago was designated by the Soviet Government as its agent to secure news from neutral and belligerent nations. few days ago, Wynkoop made a speech in the second chamber of the Dutch parliament demanding the abdication of the Queen. He urged that the troops under demobiliation should refuse to surrender their arms and called on the workers to declare a general strike. Following the refusal of the Queen to abdicatc a demonstration was staged in Amsterdam that resulted in an armed clash between the soldiers and the revolutionists in which several persons were killed and wounded. The street fighting lasted for several hours. ynkoop is the editor of the Socialist left wing daily The Tribune which is published in Amsterdam.
Apparently, the Russian, Austrian and German Revolution may develop into a general European revlution a revolution hgainst Capitalism and Imperialism.
In Italy, no recent news is at hand, but the Socialist Party there, the majority party, is completely Bolshevik. It opposed Italy entry into war and acted against the government during the war. After the military disaster at Caporetto, the Socialist Party declared that, in spite of the invasion of Italian territory, it would not cease its propaganda against the war. In December 1917, the Socialist deputy in the parliament, Morgari, declared that the Socialists wanted pence.
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not only on the Bolshevik terms, by Bolshevik methods. Some months ago, at a convention of the pa. the artrane Bolshevik forces secured control.
The report that Turati, one of the Socialist centerists in the Italian parliament, had gone over to the government and was shortly to leave Italy on a govemmental mission has been denied.
In France, the Socialist Party is becoming more and more radical. The reactionary Socialists, led by Albert Thomas and Marcel Cachin, have lost all inﬂuence. The party is now transforming itself, the Bolshevik forces represented by Loriot becoming more and more powerful. Last year there were serious revolutionary disturbances in France, in the army and in the cities.
The British proletariat is restive. The miners, led by Robert Smillie, have been aggressive all through the war. Shortly after the start of the great German offensive in March, Smillie, at a tremendous meeting bitterly denounced the war. In an article in the Metropolitan for August, Arthur Gleason declared that common unorganized labor the overhelming majority of the workers had caught ﬁre from Bolshevism and were out to wreck the existing social system.
The decision of the British labor Party to withraw from the government would support this contention.
There are at present several labor men members of the coalition government but it is authoritatively stated that if they insist on remaining within the government ranks they will not be allowed to stand for re eleetion at the forthcoming general election as members of the British Labor Party. This decision of the Labor Party while not very radical in itself, may cause a brach through which may emerge more aggressive mass action.
The general election in Ireland is expected to practically end the career of the ill fated Irish Party, and to introduce as a factor in Irish politics the Irish Labor Party. The laborites will contest four seats in the city of Dublin, and about ﬁfteen other constituencies throughout the country. Jim Larkin, the general secretary of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union, who is at present in this country and is prohibited from landing in any part of the British Empire, has been nominated for the strongest seat in Dublin and is expected to carry the election in spite of his exile. All over the island strikes are in progress, the Teachers Union declaring a one day general strike in which 95 of the teachers joined as a demonstration of their power in case their dunands were not cornplied with. The Irish Socialist and labor movement is in complete sympathy with the most forward ele ments of the English, Scotch and Welsh movements according to the Voice of Labor, the ofﬁcial organ of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union.
In Norway, the Socialist Party is now completely Bolshevik, the revolutionary Socialists having secured control at the party convention months ago, their program being revolutionary mass action, organization of Soviets and proletarian dictatorship.
According to a dispatch in the New York Times the trouble in Brussels was not entirely due to t1. presence of the German troops but had in it the purpose of securing certain reforms under the monarchy. delegation of Belgian Socialists visited the king at Ghent and laid their demands before him.
Europe is seething, Europe is a ﬁre. Should the European governments attempt the desperate task of crushing the German Revolution, they may have their own proletariat to deal with!