. the August 21, 1937 SOCIALIST APPEAL Truth (About Barcelona May Days, Sensational Document on the Stalinist Separatist Plot to Crush Labor The CNT statement of facts behind the Barcelona May events after being written.
censored in the Barcelona Press, names of prominent Catalan» mentioned as conspiring being eliminated. It appeared in toto in CNT of Madrid June 14, as follows. One ﬁne day, May 4, there appeared at the telephone building of Barcelona guards and policemen, large number of them, under thalcommand of Rodigues Salas, Commissioner of Public Order.
Why? Simply because the PSUC (Stalinist Party) and Estat Catala, who as parties had no share in control of the telephone systhm, needed it for their conspiratorial ends. And the CNT would not permit it, knowing what was being planned. In the telephone system, there funcioned, since the beginning of the movement. July 19) the control committee of the CNT UGT. Furthermore there was a delegate of the Generalitat, representing the government. The attitude of Rodriguez Salas and Ayguade, ordering the guards, was illegal, as was demonstrated by the fact that the Council of the Generalitat recognized that the Commis, sioner and Co uncillor of the Interior had gone beyond their authority. At the same time as thiswwas going on at the telephone building, there appeared bai ﬂcidcs arid guns at the headquarter of the PSUC and Estat hén guns in the streets,. amidst View of these warlike deo monstrations our comrades took defense, supposing, and rightly, that the PSUC and Estat Catala were trying to take the telephone building, which was part one of their plot.
Blot Preceded May Events. But this explains nothing. The rii ot 0! these things must be dug up, in certain antecedents.
tl here is a long. growing process of battle against our movement in Catalonia. llhe Communists, Estat Catala, and inﬁltrated elements had been worknig for some time to take away our prestige here and outside of our country. What everybody doesn know are the strange coincidences that ﬁt in with the May events.
Not everybody knows, for example, that already in January Casanovas (president of the Catalan parliament) Lluhi Vallesca, Xicota Sancho, Polo and Ventura Gassols (prominent Esquerra members. were in France, working for Catalan independence. It was a process of preparation similar to the one that went on during the Dictatorship.
But with a difference: that then, Italian fascism intervened as an agent provocateur through Garabaldi, and this time, Mussolini operated through Dencas (former head of Estat Catala) the separatist agent provocateur of 0ctober in Catalonia.
Already 1n December there was a plot, which produced the execution of Reberter, Commissioner of Public Order, and the ﬂight of Casanovas, president of par from the united front! Organize Committees of Workers, Peasants and Combatants in all enterprises, barracks and districts on the land and at the front. Down with the bourgeois go Vu nrnent! Long live the revolut, committee constituted by the delegates of the workers, peasants and soldiers. Such is our immediate program. he POUM, however, continue to minimize its differences with the CNde gets nothing for its palm.
We publish below an important document which has not yet appeared in English. The sensational charges made by the National Committee of the anarchosyndacalist union, ONT, are all the more noteworthy since the anarcho reformist leaders have to this day not broken with the People Front, whose governments they are still begging to enter again.
On November 1, 1936, the chief organ of the CNT, Solidaridad Obrara, uncovered a plot to assassinate the wﬁking class leaders of Catalonia, seize the power, declare an independent Catalonia and make peace with ﬁance on the basis of recognising his rule over the rest of Spain.
President Company: and the Stalinists at. ﬁrst ridiculed the charges; but forced to investigate the CNT charges were proveu to the hilt. The Commissioner of Public Order, Robert a member of the reactionary Catalonian Party, Estat Catala, was found guilty and executed by a ﬁring squad. The Secretary General of Estat Catala and over a hundred of its leading members were arrested; some were convictEd.
others are stih awaiting trial.
Estat Catala, a split off from the anuerra its leader, Dencas, and the Esquerra chief, Companys, had blamed each other for capitulating to the fascist mgime of Gil Robles in October, 19341 qu being directed in the plot by Dencas, from his refuge in Italy. It had found this quite compatible with takeing part in the great parade celebrating the Russian Revolution!
But not only Estat Catala was implicated. Juan Casanovas, President of the Catalan Parliament and right hand man of Com panys, had, according to the government declaration, ﬁrst ed with the plot, but ﬁnally rejected it. Casanovas was permitted to ﬂee to France, together with Ventura Gassol and other Esquerra members.
The ONT did not carry through its exposure of the plotters For the sake of harmony it was in the coalition governmentr it let the matter die. With what result.
That those whom the CNT should have completely destroyed in November 1936, machineLgunned the workers on May 3, 1987.
Such is the inevitable consequence of class collabdration.
Now the CNT cries out against the bOurgeois and Stalinist executioners of the Barcelona workers. But in those very May days of struggle, it was the CNT itself, and the POUM at its tail, that prevented the workers from putting an end to their persecutors. For the sake of harmony. the CNT called the workers off the street, told them to give up their arms. With what result?
Thousands of the best CNT militants are in jail, many have (been assassinated, and the last vestiges (if their conquests of July 19, 1936 are in immediate danger.
Anarchism got its ﬁrst great test in action in the Spanish revolution. It has revealed itself as hopelessly disoriented movement.
Without a theory of workers state power, it has become a bourgeois (ministerial party. Its gloriﬁcation of trade unions as the basic institutions of nodal life has led it to deny the necessity of uniting the whole toiling population in the workers and peasants councils (Soviets. But the ideological bankruptcy of anarchism has not saved the CNT from the murderous onslaught of the Stalinists, who cannot permit any organization of the proletariat to exist under independent leadership.
The following document is a startling revelation of how the degenarate roots of Stalinism tangle in the dark with the sources of the counter revolutionary pacemakers with Franco.
liament, because his complicity in the frustrated coup etat was proven.
The separatists bourgeois, after all, could not swallow the fact that the proletariat had won a victory over the fascist insurrection which would deprive tbém of their wealth. And in search of a restoration, they began to negotiate with Italy, to provoke struggle which would give openings to foreign intervention, and facilitate the recognition, by some powers, of Catalanidependenoe, at the same time as the antifascist front was weakened. To this plan everybody who wanted things to remain as they were on the 18th of July, could subscribe.
Intelligence Agent nrdered In France, a conspiracy to bring about a truce was going on.
Certain important people were involved. An intelligence agent, who was in the service of Spanish antidascism, had discovered a few of these combinations. He was given a commission to continue his investigations until he had irrefutable proofs, and this agent, when he was just about to complete his documentation, was murdered in Barcelona. By whom? He worked for the Go vernment of the Republic. Therefore hewas murdered by those who were conspiring, but who some how knew about his work.
Let us recall that Ayguade was Councillor of Security and that he is a member of Estat Catala, and that he was already under founded suspicion of having been involved in the December plot.
o On the 20th of April, Commojrera, leader of the PSUC in Catalonia, was in Paris. Among other people, he saw the secretary of Venture Gassols, and a certain Castanero. Who is Castonero. Police agent of the Generalltat. in contact with a certain Vintro, secretary of Octavio Salto, journalist in the service of the fascists. He has also. been seen with three prominent fascists who live in Biarrits and St. Jean de Luz, and he also maintains close relations with members of Estat Catala, and especially. with Deuces and Casanovas. The former visits Castancr in his house and the latter is visited by him. Polo, the other police agent of the Generalitat, who was a conﬁdential man for Badia. late leader of Estat Catala) works in France under the orders of Vizaino, agent of the fascist counterespionage that operates under Beltran y Musitu.
What do these mixtures of separatist and fascist elements mean! Can we not ﬁnd the root of various provocations there!
We are sure of it And anybody who looks at the facts objectio vely will be sure, too. Let us add to these antecedents that the fascists, at the end of April, were preparing a landing operation that stretched from Almeria to Rosas. It was an operation on a big scale. It didn come off hecduse the necessary material could not be gotten. It was postponed to the middle of May. And if it has not been tried it is because of a certain incident that occurred and put all these plans in the hands of the police of a neutral country.
Moreover at the end of April, Estat Catala concentrated on the had in France. And another thing: on April 13, the ofﬁcial Gazette of the Republic published a list of the ofﬁcers and subalterns, sergeants and privates of the National Republican Guard that were to be dismissed from the Guard. whose further punishment for treason would be determined by the results of an investigation. Nevertheless a captain, ensigns, l4 lieutenants, 18 sergeants, 19 brigadiers, 23 corporals and 58 guards of those on the list were not dischiarged through the influence of Artemio Ayguade, the then Councillor of Security, and in the May events these men. appeared at the head of the Ayguade forces.
Guards Under Orders.
At about the same time great numbers of these guards were sent to the frontiers, and the chief of one important unit, in. stead of reporting to the Municipal Council at Figueras, went directly to the PSUC headquarters thus demonstrating that this was an armed force at the orders of the CP.
All these details tell as clearly enough that the Barcelona events were nothing more than the prefr ontiers all the armed men it pared spark to produce the clash.
And that spark and clash were not generated by the CNT. From the ﬁrst moment of the struggle the CNT intervened to try to cut it short. We found a solution that was accepted by everybody except the Communists, who played the game of constantly post poning all agreement and all notion, so that the Valencia Goveinment would have to send forces and take over the Administration of Public Order, as occurred. And when on. Thursday morning, the CNT and UGT had ordered the return to work and the city seemed calm again, the battle began all over again, because the Separatists and Communists were stopping our comrades, searching them, tearing up their union books attacking CNT headquarters making defense necessary all over again. And when the ﬁrst street car of the Garcia line was going down toward the Plaza Cataluria, it was shot at by the guards and by Estat Catala, behind barricades on Paris and Diagonal streets, so that transportations services had to remain suspended. And the cars that went out to repair the broken street car tracks were shot at, too.
Finally when on Friday morning the ﬁring stopped at the hour agreed upon, shooting continued from the Communist and Catalanist centers, in order to provoke another battle. And Friday night, from the Commissariat on Paris street, Estat Catala and the guards shot at the car in which the secretary of the CNT Nationi al Committee was going to Valencia, notwithstanding the fact that it was an ofﬁcial government car he was traveling in.
Our National Committee sent delegates to all our regional and local headquarters at once, to prevent a repetion of the Barcelona events, and also a delegation to the Aragon front, to prevent the soldiers from marching back from the trenches, which was accomplished.
CP Catala Continue Repression: Weeks after the movement, the barricades remained in front of the Communist and Separatist headquarters whereas ours were dismanteled on Friday. wave of terror, of blood, has swept over the towns of Catalonia. Unpunished murder is on the order of the day. Our libertarian move ment has been silent, not through cowardice, but through discipline»
and sense of responsibility while it lost the lives of its best militants. It has suffered with inCOmparable stoicism, the assault on the collectives, on the constructive labor of the proletariat. Yet those guilty of so many crimes, shamelessly blame them on the CNT, and even, vn th all that barbarism, all that treason, still threaten to punis the CNT.
We have said enough to allow every man to judge for himself.
Let it be noted precisely, that there is in Catalonia an amalgam of interests which coincide against us, Estat Catala, the Commu nists, and Esquerra, whose objectives are not yet identical but whose common interest it is to exterminate the CNT. This coincides also with Mussolini interests, who therefore, through Dencas, gives them indirect support. And let it be stated exatly, that we do nat concur in the stupid error of confusing Communists with Fascists. We say categorically that we do not believe the CP has the slightest contact with the fascists, But that is not the case with Estat Catala, and when they act together on the streets who is doing the directing We realize with full responsibility the weight of what we are saying, but no one dares deny it, because the burden of proof at our disposal is so very great.
Ayguade, Dencas, Mussolini, Cs. sanovas, Ventura Gassols, Sancho, Xicoti, Polo, Castaner there is the guilt for the bloody Barcelona events. The Nat. Com. of the CNT.
Dwyer Slated For Expulsion in Massachusetts SPRINGFIELD, Mass. Following on the heels of the charges made against left wingers in New York, which have already resulted in the expulsion of more than 50 comrades, the right wing in the Socialist Party of Masschusetts, headed by Alfred Baker Lewis, has broken loose witha series of charges thist aim at splitting the party in the Bay State. Charges have now been ﬁled against comrade John Dwyer, leading left winger who has been active for years in Massachusetts and as party organizer in up State New York.
The charges are the first of a series to be filed against all the left wing members of the State Excutive Committee of the Party.
The charge is that Dwyer name appeared as signing the anti gag rule resolution of Local San Francisco. Lewis claims that his basis for charges is the fact that the statement says we reject the decision of the NEG al.
though this very same statement has already been accepted by the National Ofﬁce of the Party as the basis for a membership referendum, a call for which has been printed in the Socialist Call.
Comrade Dwyer was apparently selected as the ﬁrst to bring charges against because he is a member at large. The SEC has original jurisdiction over members at large. Lewis has ﬁled notice that he would bring charges against the other members of the SEC in their own branches. Since their branches, which support the left wing, will not expel them, it appears that the ewis controlled SEC will proceed to lift the carters of the branches involved.