NEW MILITANT Weekly Organ of the Workers Party of the vampire 15 o. 4Wall Street Cracks Whip on Congress Efforts to Save Capitalism to Continue New Deal In 1934 Raised Prices, Profits Put New Millions on Relief By GEO. CLARKE Flushed with its recent electoral victory the Democratic Congress opens in Washington once again to do the bidding of the master. The master is not Roosevelt or the so calleri sovereign people. The guiding spirits of the nation sit not in Washington but; many miles to the north.
in the man made canyons of New York. It is the interests of Wall Street the legislators will serve.
The entire history of the New Deal is alive with instances proving the old maxim that the government is but. the executive committee of the ruling class. Roosevelt and a willing Congress took hold of the political reins of American capitalism, Just as it was being steered into the ditch, and brought it back onto a safe highway. An unoﬁlcial spokesman for the administration, Raymond Moley, says ﬂat footedly. Basically the New Deal was an effort to save capitalism.
Ungrateful Wall Street Big Business may appear ongrateful to Roosevelt for the helping hand he gave it when in need.
But if Wall Street has been grudging in its compliments, this is no indication that Roosevelt and his congressional majority have stinted in their grants. The actions of the President when the banks were on the verge of collapse and the six billion dollar blood injection into the prostrate ﬁnancial and industrial institutions of American capitalism speak louder than compliments.
Capitalism has reaped a lucrative harvest under the benign administration of Mr. Roosevelt. The Journal of Commerce reports that over six billion dollars in the form of corporative interests and dividends have flowed into its coffers for the year 1934.
These fabulous proﬁts have not been gained in an era of well being and prosperity for all. The economy of scarcity amid abundance is u striking a fact under Roosevelt as under Hoover.
Promlses The promises of Roosevelt to the stricken working class groaning under the full weight of the mounting years of economic crisis have been remarkably proliﬁc. But even as these promises gained in omne volume they receded in real substance. The talk of recovery has yielded little to the workers. Un cmp. oyment, according to the notoriously conservative of ﬁgures, shows an increase of 550. 009 from October 1933 when the number of jobless stood at the ﬁgure of 10, 122, 000 to October 19M when it has risen to 10, 672, 000. The past year has seen an increase of over one million families on relief.
Blchberg himself estimates that by February 1035 more than 5, 000, 000 famllle; or over 22, 000, 000 persons whl live on relief pittencel. No one shall starve. said Boos evelt, and his Democratic Congress cheered him to the echo. The meaning of that promise is now clear.
It has meant that death from starvation should be avoided to avert an explosion of discontent stored up for more than ﬁve years. its coronary, however, has. been that wages and relief levels must keep the masses on the border of starvation. The recent decree of relief administrator, Harry Hopkins.
slashing work relief wages from 40 to 30 cents an hour is a veritable dynenute cure for those daring from New Deal promises.
mloyed Workers Employed workers have fared no better than those on relief doles The process of levelling the wager of skilled workers has been a high point of accomplishment under Booseveltlan codes. Its counterpart has been standard of minimun.
wages slightly above the govern ment handouts. And these stand.
ards have rarely been enforced.
How signiﬁcant is the fact that thousands of Detroit automobile workers, ostensibly living under a paradise of capitalist paternalism, would rather depend on relief checks than on the abominable wage of General Motors or Henry ordl 0n the other hand food prices have risen 28. percent over the agurs for April 28. 1983. But pay roll have actually dropped percent for the third quarter of 1934.
When the working class tried to bridge this yawning gap. the New Deal has thrust its elbow in the way. Strikes have either been prevented or, ones under way. pulverioed by multitude of arbitration boards. And now, the crowning stroke, is the arr celled truce proclaimed by Roosevelt with the direct collusion of William Green and the manometmn. with the help of its Jude: labor has bun cruciﬁed on the em ol the (owned M0. Auto Body Told System Earned Workers Shun Hearing Held to Stabilize Industry TOLEDO, Gum The workers no longer trust the Government.
That is why more workers have not come to testify at this bearn, The NRA committee investigating labor conditions in the automohile industry heard this from Art Preis, speaking for the Workers Party of the United States. The committee, which has been gather ing data in Detroit, Flint, Pontiac, Toledo and other auto centers, was unable to understand why more workers did not come forward. Testhnony has hem taken secretly» and good union men are afraid to expose themselves at this hearing, Praia told the committoo. Thh fact spake eloquently of labor position in this country. The workers know that the Government is in the bomb of the induh iallsts. If they victlmiu themselves here, the Govern cut will not protect them Whispered Testimony Prais statement came as a climax to many hours of whispered testimony by members of the Federal Auto Workers Union In which they told of acts of discrimination against militant workers, speed up, sordid working conditions, irregular employment and low wages.
The hearing was largely a farce.
Workers were not permitted to express opinions on the National Auto Labor Board, or on Section 7a of NRA. Data on how to stabilize the auto industry under the proﬁt sys tern was what the committee Wanted.
Praia Produou Refusing to speak from this basis, the Workers Party representative launched into a documented report on developments. in the auto industry, showing the increasing rationalization and monopoly control under the NRA. Competition between the remaining major auto corporations is becoming sharper. he said.
Facts and ﬁgures on unemployment, wages and hours were sub: mitted to show that conditions in the industry would continue to become worse. This committee wants to know how to stabilize the industry, Praia continued. The truth is, as members of the committee well mow, the automobile industry cannot be stabilized. The economic aystem has to be stabilized. And zapitaliam cannot be stabilized.
The proﬁt system is undoubtedly loomed. We must look to a system (Wounds Page. NEW YORK SATURDAY JANUARY 1935 Robber Ban on Goes free charge. The null public utilities tweet ore.
Another story on this page tells government. Ml actual crime is The lnsull brothers are free again. The above picture shows Martin drawing the jury after his acquitml on a 350, 000 mﬂemmt companios have taken millions from about 18 workers in California who taco long prison sentences on charges of attempting to overthrow the that they had the guts and decency to organise agrlmltural workers to ﬁght must starvation wages.
Yet there are some workers who believe there are no classes in America! Who believe that the rich are treated the samcias the poor. Thlsiatheﬁrstofaseriesof articles on would be fascist leaders the United States. D By DAN EASTMAN Part Huey Long is no depression baby; unlike Upton Sinclair, Dr.
Townsend. and Father Coughlln, he has been in politics for many years.
In 1920 he started his career on a member of the Louisiana Public Service Commission, in 1924 he ran up an astonishing vote ror governor, and in 19. at the very height of prosperity, he was elected.
Long is no End hearted exsocialiet muoknker, no misguided visionary doctor, nor fulmlnating Catholic, but a clever and experlouced pollticiln aoemtomed to the ruﬂlless corruption of cupitalist politics. He is Hall brought up to data.
It is a mistake to underestimate the Louisianna Kingﬁsh. If there had been no depression his antic would be conﬁned to the always poverty stricken state of Lnuhiana.
But with the whole country plunged into poverty and insecurlty, the political measures that broke the government of Innisiann are now potenthuy emective throughout the, nation.
Long Following On September of this year.
Huey Long was able to claim, if not prove, some 1, 400, 000 members of his Share the Wealth Clubs throughout America. In New York City alone, if we are to believe his Huey Long lsTammany Hall Rising in 50uth (lever Pclllician, Accustomed lo Corruption, Gralt supporters, there are already 200 Share the Wealth Clubs ready to follow Huey wherever he may lead. The stronghold of Longism is. of course, Louisiana, where thero are literally thousands of Share the Wealth Clubs, and where Huey has a deadlock on every apparatus of government. He controls the executive directly through his stooge, Governor Allen. He has such inﬂuence in the legislature that, in the last session, it passed some forty four bills so rapidly that none of the members ever found out so little formality, that it was months before the exact nature of the bills passed was known either to the legislature or to the people.
He controls the judiciary; alter some fancy political maneuvering he succeeded in getting ﬁve of the eight members of the Supreme Court of Louisiana. Huey himself is one of the senators from the state. and the other, Senator Overton, is a Long man. Two of the STEEL ELECTION CALLED Carnegie Corporation Will Rely on Goverment And Courts By ARNE SWABECK The National Steel Labor Relations Board has ordered reluctantly and after long hesitation that an election he held in the plants of the Carnegie Steel Company. subsidiary of the United States Steel Corporation. Almost a year ago such an election was ordered by the National Labor Board in tho Weirton steel mills, but the Weirton magnates snapped their ﬁngers at this decision. They had previously held an election in their own way making sure in ad Vance that the returns would show an overwhelming indorsement for the company union.
Of course, the Weirton steel workers, who had amply proven by their strike in September 1933 that, they were in favor of a union of their own and ready to ﬁght for it, got nothing out of the sham maneuvers between the labor boards and the owners of the industry. It is reported that the workers in the Carnegie mills had asked the Wagnel National Labor Board last February for an election and on May it was ruled that such an election should be held. Nothing happened.
It is reported also that the Carnegie Corporation had expressed a willingness to bargah with the steel workers union as a concession to them but remalned adamant in its denmnd to negotiate similarly with other groups, meaning the company union through which it feels sure of its powers of coercion and intimidation to control the men in the mills.
It has already been strongly intimated that the corporation will refuse to furnish its payroll for the elections ordered and carry the case up to the United States Supreme Court. ﬁght in this manner is a ﬁght on the corporation own front. It knows how to deal with the courts and how to make the inﬂuence of its money powers bear fruit. The steel corporation does not mind spending a little time with the courts for it knows it can rely on any branch of the capitalist government to carry out its wishes. In this sense it relies on its own powers. a. lesson that the steel workers union has not yet learned.
These are so far the results of the demoralizing practices institut ed by the proposals of William Green and Mike Tighe at the steel burgh last June when it faced the Imornentous question of striking the mills to compel recognition of the union.
Green asked for the creation of the National Steel Labor Relations what they were voting. And with, Board and got it. The workers paid the price of the resulting disintegrating inﬂuence just at a time when an aggressive policy of or ganization and action was required. Green and Tighe on the other hand are pursuing their victory and forg ing ahead for an industrial trace of no strikes with monopoly capiTo challenge the steel corporation to a plant election to determine the lsentiment of the workers may have rules CENTS Eighteen on Trial Need LaborDelense California Fruit Growers Push Prosecution of Union Leaders in Red Drive Worlcers Move to Obtain Bail (Press Service of Non Partisan Labor Defense)
SACRAMENTO, Oak Confronted by a proposal originating with the California growers associations that District Attorney McAllster, who was defeated in the last election and goes out of oﬁice January be hired at a fat fee as special prosecutor in blue pending criminal syndicalism cases, the Sacramento County Board of Supervisors showing signs of fright.
Despite the lack of a serious organized defense movement of the 18 workers shortly to be tried for the crime of organizing to win decent wages, the Board hesitates to hire McAlister. At a special meeting Monday morning, several members expressed doubts of their authority. workers union convention in Pitth representatives to the lower house had its time. Now that is not the are Long men. issue and in view of the special In Arkansas, which ranks second powers of coercion in the hands of in the number of Share the Wealth the corporation in such procedure Clubs, Long is reported to have will result only in disorganizaassisted and inﬂuenced the election: lieu of the workers ranks. Actual of Senator Hattie Cal tawny, widow: 111 organization means to ﬁght of the late lumenated Senator Caraway.
In Mississippi, third in the numhad a hand in the election of Senator Bilbo. Continued on Page 4)
her of Share the Wealthere, Long out.
Prospects for. organization were excellent last summer. The Amal gamated Association of Iron Steel pmuolda peouauadxe pun ssrudmr aau I; poured pun 9110M nu, pus (Continued on Page 4)
lmperialists Enter New NavalPl lase Japan Ends Treaty. Fleet to Mass In Pacilic The Japanese denunciation of tilt Washington Naval Treaty at tht close of 1934 was a bold stroke to overcome the obstacles placed in her way by American and British imperialism. The struggle for the markets and raw materials of the Orient, especially China. is of primary importance to these three powers. At the present juncture this struggle revolves around the question of the naval strength of the Big Three. With the rejection of the 3 ratio a new naval race begins. It will go a long way in determining who is to control the gateway to the Chinese waters.
If Japan succeeds with her naval policy a gigantic step forward in the further penetration of China is assured. But the United States ll not cor xeede( nor will Britain.
Already we hear that the President plans to recommend increased naval and military appropriations.
At the same time a big Paciﬁc maneuver of the entire navy, the larges.
ever assembled, is planned with a gigantic squad of airshlps.
Japan aim is naval supremacy in the Eastern area.
To accomplish this it was necessary to reject the renewal of the 5 ratio and instead demand parity. Japan, however, does nor want parity at a 56 ratio. Japan is in no ﬁnancial condition to build such a navy. The United states is the only nation that could weather such ﬁnancial hardships. But even if Japan could allot funds for this purpose, such a large navy ratio would strengthen the Anglo Ameriican imperialists and defeat the aims of Japan. Japan demands di sarmament that all ode sive ships (battleships airships submarines) shall be discarded and a new ratio of 3 The purpose of Japan is to eliminate ships with a long cruising range. If the Anglo American cop italists are to protect their Pounds and Dollars in the Orient they must have all types of ships that can travel long distances for combat and return to fueling bases. If these are eliminated the Japanese imperialists can easily meter the Asiatic area against either of the two main contenders, and possibly both if necessary. new armament ra cehae begun another step toward war has bee taken. let the workers of tht world be on guard for their owr interests.
SUBSCRIBE TO NEW MILITAN 1934. Labor Story. Hope, Trust, Betrayal, Militancy. 1935 workers put thdr trust in Roosevelt and the New Deal.
trust betrayed by one evmt annular during 19 they 1035 aware that they must if they are to win.
The blood of 62 workere killed in strikes, many shot in the back.
stains the old year record.
During the ﬁrst nine months of 1934, incomple returns show 1, 104 strikes more in any year since involwlng 1, 500. workem. Elli in the Auto Lite strike. Barricadewore erected in the streets. Two workers were killed by National Guardsmen.
The strikers, with the Un uployed League giving leadership.
you a per cent increase aud nnion mogultlon.
The Minneapolis teamstere strike was marked by the intelligent way in which it was organised, the atrikers refusal to accept lose than victory, and the fact that farmers supplied food to the strikers.
After settlement of the strike in May, it dared again in summer when the bosses broke the agreement. In the boeeea effort to break the strike two workers were killed.
and 50, were wounded. The work. erl won a guaranteed welt reels.
tbs right to reps cent. inaldl as For 16 Withers Death as outside workers.
The hrgestaairike occurred in War, when 600, 000 textile workers walked out. Sixteen workers gave their lives as 40, 000 troops were called out to break the strike.
With the strikers still ﬁghting.
the leaders of the United Textile Workers sold the strike for a Roosevelt promise investigation of the etret chout and other evils. The workers are still waiting for better conditions.
On the west ooeet, the year most Ipectaculau strike tied up every port as longshoremen walked out. The strike reached. its climax in San tranche. in a three maul trike. Policekilladtwu work nae summon led mounted police into the strlk ere ranks.
The National Longshoremen a Board was set up. Arbitration gave the strikers a 30 hour week, 96 cents an hour, partial control of hiring hulls. In In Francisco the Market Street Railway Company, Tom Mooney old enemy, was unionlzed.
This strike was used as the excue for the red baiting and union smmlng comm in California.
Victory Fur Bases Two of the we, stool and altarnobilee, ﬁlled oil etrilrea when President Wt comma. 11m settlameuta included racogunion of Communionhmomabllaa «smotherinuwrit elm. As the new year starts, euro workers are again getting my to light.
ALHQEANS ul st newspaper strike crime In newurk, where do our. of 52 editorial ro om workers of the Newark wager walked on. November for union recognition.
They are still out, helped by the young Amer saw Newspaper Guild.
Strikes by renal Workers and workers on government pl ojwlo marked the year, as old wauouus by store clerks and White collar workers.
Agricultural strikes occurred all over we wuutry. Lure the inaustnal strikes, they were weal.
our uncut gum lug nulluncy and was help given by tho unclumoyeu.
Mlluuul or wur ﬂm run we now you. win: their eyes owned. to spend the taxpayers money on a special prosecutor. Underneath a ﬂood of legalistic jabber was thle consdousness. McAlister, running for reelection last month, tried to capitalize on the red scare arising out of the collapse of the Frisco general strike; he promised that if reelected ba would do justice to every criminal syndicalfst hbat is. he would put militant workers of all shades of opinion in San Quentin.
Not only did the Sacramento Federated Trades Council and the Building Trades Council (A. of adopt resolutions demanding repeal of the law, but lucAlister was deleated in the elec lions.
Consequently, the Supervisors have lost some of their last for «battle. They have also heard of the wave of new wildcat strikes among the ﬁghting stevedores of Frisco and Oakland. They rightly suspect that the period of wide»
spread working class retreat which followed the general strike is coming to an end. The fact that the defeat of Sinclair has not meant the collapse of his utopian EPIC movement, but that many EPIC groups are now more radical than before the election, is also impressing vote chasing politicians.
The truth is that the Sacramento criminal syndcalist cases are being pushed not so much by local conservative politicians as by the growers of the Sacramento, San Joaquin and Imperial Valleys, and the banks of Frisco who are against unions everywhere and always. The most striking evidence is the presence in Sacramento County Court throughout the jury selection of the notorious Red Hynes, laborhating, union smashing and redbaiting police chief of Los Angeles. Hynes will probably take the stand for the State, hacked by a ﬂock of stool pigeons.
There is every indication that the jury will be straight anti labor.
The prosecution, in addition to having on the panel plants such as the lady who drinks cocktails with the district attorney, has used its challenges cleverly. Workers have been disqualiﬁed and most of the Jurors selected so far live in the lashionable part of town.
The bosses hope to send the 18 defendants, arrested during the height of the red scare in July. to jail for terms as long as 84 years.
This, they plan, shall ﬁnish off the Cannery and Agricultural Workers Industrial Union, which has organized some notable struggles and had at one time a membership of almost 20, 000 militants.
The working class as a whole is deeply interested in these cases.
As the bloody and outspoken reaction which raged through the au umn begins to subside, the bosses task to revive it. The conviction of the 18 Sacramento worker vould be the signal for a new outbreak of raids, arrests and vigilantism. The fate of these 18 defendants, consequently, is of concern to the endre working class ind demands its attention despite lll political differences.
The defundants. who include leaders both of the Communist fatty and of the union. are not yet getting the blood organized backing to which they are entitled.
Should such a movement get on foot within the next week or so.
to include large sections of the trade union movement, McAlietée may yet be driven out of the case and the. whole frame up slimmed An important aspect is that the do fondante be bailed out so that they maymovs about freely and rally support for the ﬁght. The court has its ear to the ground. and If the workers get going in time, the 18 defendants will be saved and the growers associations will take a licking.
sorrow was news IN m5 saw rind mun JOIN TH! WORKERS PARTY.