FOR THE WORKERS PARTY 01 THE VOLUME VII, LAUNCH WORKERS PARTY OF us. aJJA. In Fusion Convention of US. Revol utionaries. 48, WHOL 252 WORKERS OF THE WORLD. UNITE!
NEW YORK, SATURDAY DECEMBER 8, I954 Third Convention of League Draws Balance Sheet of Six Years Bringing the Third National Convention to an end, the delegates of branches of the Communist League of America. from coast to coast, and a packed visitors gallery of members of the New York. branch, sang with a aolemnlty arlsibg out of deep conviction the classic chorus. The Miami Soviet shall be the bum race.
Comrade Max Shachtman announced the adjournment of the Third and last national convention of the There penetrated everyone present a profound realization that a period had ended and a new one begun.
The Convention had unanimously voted to disband the by merging it with the American Workers Party in the Workers Party of the United States.
Six years of successful activity as a propagandist group came to an end. The balance sheet was. written: The ideas of Marx and Lenin, the spirit of proletarian internationalSpartacus Youth Meets The National Convention of the Spartacus Youth League is now in session at Stuyvesant Casino, New York City. Discussions have revealed unanimous sentiment for the constitution of the Spartacus League as the youth movement of the Workers Party of the United States, politically subordinate to and organizationally independent of the adult revolutionary party. Muste, National Secre»
tary of the addressed the convention Tuesday on behalf of the National Committee. Max Shnchtma n, a pioneer leader of the Young Workers League which ﬁrst established the Com munist youth movement in America, addressed the convention on behalf of the outgoing National Committee of the Next week issue will contain a full report of the convention, ism, the theory of the permanent: revolution, had been kept alive and vital in the by the League cadres had been built, armed with the intellectual weapons that alone, when combined with organized proletarian masses, can bring capitalism to an end and introduce the communist order of society. The groundwork had been laid for the country sole revolutionary prole tarian party the Workers Party of the United States, a current in the international movement sweeping toward the foundation of a new, the Fourth International.
The Third Convention reported substantial gains over the Second League Convention held in October 1931 in New York City. Three years ago the Communist League (Opposition) was a skeleton organization with branches in only a few major cities. The report of the national secretary, Arne Swabeck revealed that the membership had been doubled and that there existed 21 branches in the major industrial centers from the Atlantic to the Paciﬁc. These branches were represented by forty three delegates. Four delegates from four mid western cities were unable to be present because of ﬁnancial difﬁculties. Six fraternal delegates came from the Workers Party of Canada. large proportion of the delegates had been in the since its inception, others had been in the Communist Party many years before they joined the League. Still others had some from various sections and tendencies. of the labor movement. The composition of the delegates was overwhelmingly proletarlan, many being deeply rooted in the trade union movement.
Second of the achievements recorded at the convention was the mlntenance of the Militant as a weekly paper. In six years the Militant had gained the respect of the entire revolutionary movement of the world for its honesty, its clean methods and above all for the clarity and correctness of its policies.
The New International is the third stone in this mosaic of accomplishments. Although still very young, it has already made a name for itself as the outstanding theoretical review in the revolutionary labor movement.
The Minneapolis strike, symbolizing the truth that sound theory merged with sound practice can bring victory to the working class, stood out among the achievements of the League.
The League convention was no solid monolith artiﬁcially held together by. a bureaucratic whip.
but a genuine Communist gathering. it had been preceded by three months of free, untranimeled discussion in branch meetings and internal bulletins. Minorities were accorded every democratic right provided in the constitution and given proportional representation at the convention. The debates and discussions at the conference, often sharp but always comradely, were many sided and thorough.
The convention was absorbed with two major questions. The discussions centered on the report by comrade James Cannon on the international question, primarily the recent Plenum of the International Communist Ileague to which he was a delegate and the so called French question. The other report was by comrade Max Shachtman on the question of fusion with the American Workers Party. International and American, two sides of our struggle, these questions were indissolubly connectsd.
Comrade Cannon reported on the events In the revolutionary movement since the triumph of Eltldi. the declaration for the Fourth International, the Pact of Four, the Iranians u Pace 4)
Party Maps Big Drive To Rally Jobless The Commission on Unemploy.
ment of the Workers Party Convention, with Anthony Ramuglia, president of the National Unemployed League presiding, took up a number of problems connected with the relation of the Workers Party to the and the tactics to be used in building and extending the inﬂuence of the movement. decision was taken to recognize the National Unemployed League as the largest and most effective or ganization in that vast and rela.
tively untapped ﬁeld, and to place the Workers Party in full support of the working vigorously for its extension.
Real and inclusive unity of the various unemployed organizations was judged impossible of achieve ment at. the present time, mainly because of the attitude of reform.
ist elements (especially of the in organizations more or less controlled by them from the top. The National Unemployed League looks forward to and will work for the genuine unity of the unemployed within a single national organiza.
tion, but Federations of scattered organizations bureaucratically controlled by its top leadership such as have been proposed by the Socialist Party is not only unacceptable as unity, but also unacceptable as a united front. Until this object is achieved, therefore, the Workers Party will aid in the building of the Workers Party tactics and principles in its unemployed work follow closely the tactics applied in the past by the American Workers Party and the Communist League of America and which have proved their correctness and effectiveness.
There is to be no mechanical control of unemployed organizations on the part of the Workers Party.
The Workers Party maintains that the unemployed must be organized on a non partisan basis and will ﬁght to keep them on such a basis whether the Party ﬁnds itself in the leadership or in. a minority.
Unemployed organizations are to use mass pressure and militant ac.
tivitles of all types as opposed to class collaboration policies. Mem bers of the Workers Party in the Leagues are to work ceaselessly to raise the political level of the unemployed, explaining the social and economic implications of unemployment and focusing attention on the problem of unemployment itself: exposing the role of the state by its day by day nctivitim; pointing out the identity of interests of the unemployed and employed workers; breaking down racial antagonisms; preparing the unemployed against fascist tendencies; recruiting from the ranks of the unemployed its most advanced and militant work era for membership in the Workers Party.
The co operation of unemployed and employed on the picket lines, anti injunction battles, etc, already symbolized by the Toledo and Min neapolis strikes and a hundred others, will be intensiﬁed. Decision was reached at a joint conference of unemployed and trade union workers to establish Industrial Relations Committees wherever pos.
sible. These committees are to serve as a permanent link between the employed and the unemployed to preserve civil rights, to promote the general economic intemets of the workers and to inlure united resistance to the onslaughts of the bosses and politicians. The circulation of the Vanng is EanaaaWP.
Greets New Partyﬂirth The WOrkers Party of Canada, formed about a year ago by the Canadian section of the International Communist League, is a vigorous and healthy youngster, according to the report given by com.
rade MacDonald, fraternal delegate of the Workers Party to the Com munist League convention. Comrade MacDonald, as well as com rade Specter, another Canadian delegate, is a veteran in the radical labor movement. Both were foun dation members of the Communth Party of Canada and delegates to the 4th and 0th World Congresses oi the Comintern.
In an interview with the Militant, comrade MacDonald reported that the membership of the Workers Party of Canada is now 250. The principal branches are located in the large cities, Montreal, Toronto, Hamilton, Winnipeg and Vancou ver. Toronto, the capital of Canada, is also the center of the new party and the seat of its national executive. The branch in Toronto has about 90 members.
Most of the members of the new party have come out of the Communist Party of Canada and the The is steadily growing in size, in the scope of its activities, and in its inﬂuence among the class conscious workers throughout the provinces.
The Militant, comrade MacDonald stated, performed an indispensable service in rallying and edu.
eating the initial cadres of the new party in its earlier days. The Workers Party today, however, has two papers of its own, the Vanguard, published monthly. and the Workers Voice, a foreign language paper of the Ukrainian workers.
about 1, 200, that of the Ukrainian paper 500 copies. The Ukrainian workers have also published a number of pamphlets, among them several by Trotsky.
The New International has already made a remarkably favorable impression, Not on the Canadian authorities, however, who have banned the magazine along with other revolutionary literature.
The organized workers of Canada are divided among of craft unions. Canadian national unions (French speaking population in Quebec. and the Stalinist Workers Unity League. The of has approximately 100, 000 members, the national unions 40. 000, the Catholic unions about 25, 000, and the Stalinist unions 15, 000.
The chief inﬂuence of the Stalinists is among the lumber workers, the dressmakers in Tomato (about 2, 000. the miners in Alberta, and the shoe workers in Ontario.
Inasmuch as they dominate the trades they have organised, it is very doubtful that the Stalinists will liquidate their unions in Can.
ada as they recently did in several notable instances in the The Stalinist party is still illegal in Canada and its chief leader, Tim Buck. has just been released after having been three years in jail on charges of criminal conspiracy against the Canadian government.
The Stalinist party has been vir.
tually out lawed under Section 08 of the Dominica Criminal Code. a Canadian version of the Criminal Syndicalism laws. At the time the government proceeded against the the Bolahevik Leninists had not yet organized a political party.
Unless Section 98 is repealed aa a (W on Page 4)
Workers Oi NY. Rally To Suppﬂparty The ﬁrst mass meeting held by the Workers Party drew twelve hundred workers as, winding up a week of conventions, the Party made its ﬁrst public appearance at Germania Hall Sunday night.
Addressing the largest group of workers brought together by 11 p0.
lltical program in recent years out side the reformist and Stalinist ranks, representative leaders reﬂected in their appearance and addresses a cross section of the proietarian foundations of the Work ers Party.
Insurgent leader of the coal miners for two decades, founder of the West Virginia Mine Workers Union, leader of the famed Logan County march of twenty thousand armed miners across three counties in 1921, which was stopped only by the Federal troops, Brant Scott blazed away at the labor lieutenants of the capitalist class and do clarod that only the Workers Party could smash the John Lewlses and build the fortresses oi the working class.
Trade Unionists Sneak Vincent Dunne, one of the three brothers all of whom were leaders of the Minneapolis drivers in their victorious strikes earlier this year, told of the rising pm.
gressive movement in the labor unions throughout the Minnesota district, and the role the Workers Party must play to bring together the shattered left wing in the American Federation of Labor as an essential step in preparing the overthrow of capitalism.
The Toledo auto workers strike of last summer was represented by Ted Selander and Sam Pollack. coders oi the Lucas County Unemployed Lengue, they smashed the injunction against picketing, organized and led the mass picket lines in a series of bloody battles against the National Guard, and so aroused the labor movement that, faced by threats of a general strike, the bosses surrendered.
The need to include in the ranks of the revolutionary working class movement the decisive sections of the twelve million Negro masses was brought to the fore by three leading Negro delegates. They were Ernest Rice McKinney. member of the National Committee of the Workers Party, national vicepresldent of the Unemployed League, and spokesman of the Negro workers of Pittsburgh; James Watson, head of the International Labor Defense in Philadelphia un til his recent break with Stalinism: and Simon Williamson, delegate from Kansas City.
Unemployed leaders Sued: The transformation of the unemployed from potential scabs into the (Continued on Page 4)
Minneapolis Bosses Plot rame Up of 7 Leaders Minneapolis, Minn Seventy trade unions have united in a defense committee to give organized labor militant answer to a frame up campaign launched by the Citizens Alliance through its class instrument, the municipal police headed by Bloody Johannes. The frame up campaign, directed r m a ily against the leaders of General Drivers Local 574, has as its object the terrorlzatlon of the Whole local trade union movement.
Several weeks ago an attempt to frame Harry Hussman. organizer of the Machinists Union, and to deport him, was smashed. Now, how ever, the Citizens Alliance s trying a holder step. They are at the heart of a plot to bang on leaders of Local 574 responsibility for the death during the May drivers strike of Arthur Lyman, a capitalist who played at being a strike breaking deputy sheriff.
Happy Holstein, Chippewa Indian and truck driver who was a leading ﬁgure in the Strike Committee of, 100 both in May and July, is now out on bail after being arrested for the murder of Lyman. In addition, a stool pigeon has been found who is trying to involve unnamed leaders of 574.
The latest and third victim in the bands of the police is a 19 year old boy, Philip Scott, who was picked up through a very clever police trap. according to the Minv Workers Party Facts Tommi y National Head quarters of the Workers Party of the United States: 112 East 19th Street, Phone ALgonquin 9068.
National Secretary: Muste.
Mela Organs: The New Mllitarl. weekly) 144 Second Avenue, Phone Gram.
orcy 9524; The New Intermtional (monthly. Box 119, Station D, These addresses hold until further notice.
The full text of the declare.
tion of principles and the com stitutlon oi the Workers Party of the United States on pages two and three of this is.
sue. They will be available in pamphlet form at low out within a few days.
With p it Boston, Mass At the very mo ment when American workers feel the inspiring eifects of the merger of the and OLA. to establish the new revolutionary Workers Party of the the Socialist Party enters a new stage in the development of the crisis which has been threatening it for several ME Hard: on the heels of the hailing by the Gitlow group of the as the party of revolutionary unity. comes the announcement that the meeting held here this week by the national executive of the the right wingers. Old Guard. of.
fered the Militant majority now in control the alternatives of swinging back to pure reiormism from their newly adopted centrist platform. or a split in the party.
One of the main points on the agenda of the present meeting of the leaders was the question of a united front with the C. delegation led by Hathaway, Ford and other Stalinist bureaucrats appeared to beg for a chance to sit down around a table with those whom they yesterday called the working class worst enemies. The militant ma jority, toying with the idea of a united front based on a non aggression pact and a program of passivity and noise, did not dare to receive the Stalinist delegation because of the objections of the Old Guard.
Old Guard Delivers Ultimatum The Old Guard prefers its noise and passivity in close relations with the top bureaucracy of the of and feels that it may not be able to do this if the GP. united front is, consummated.
neapolls Tribune. The police claim.
a confession from Scott to the murder of Lyman. The crudity of police attempts to frame members of Local 574 is illustrated by the manner in which this latest arrest was made. The same detective, Joe Burns, who swore out the war rant for Holstein, tricked the latest victim into a drinking jag, threw him into jail, and wormed a confession out of him designed to implicate union men. But the Scott arrest, which itself exposes the Holstein arrest as a frame up, reveals itself also to be a frame up.
Scott is a mentally deﬁcient youth, who was kept in a special class under a doctor care while at echool, according to his mother.
He is a dupe of the police; but un, fortunately for them, while he mits everything they ask him to agree to, everything that he says is actually in direct contradiction to all previous testimony. Be answers questions to the satisfaction of the police but also to the satisfaction of everyone else who questions him.
In spite of the Scott contesslon. the case against Happy Holstein bas not been dismissed.
Happy Holstein was arrested and held for two weeks without charges and released on Saturday, November 17, through habeus corpus proceedings. The police department l EMILITANT York City.
The entire audience was on its feet shook the rafters.
American working class, were the To Back Left Wing In Tradﬂnions Fannatiou of a progressive movement in the trade unions and the selection of concentration points in industry were the two main points of a program of action in the trade unions, adopted by a special con ference of trade unionist delegates and adopted unanimously by the Unity Convention.
All genuine left wing and pro greesive elements throughout the country who will agree to work on the basis of the trade union policy outlined in the Declaration of Principles will he approached and invited to collaborate in the task of establishing a progressive move.
at the national center of the party a trade union department in charge of a secretary, and take measures to have every party member who is eligible, to join a trade union and organize into trade union fractions.
The trade union department will cooperate with other organizations to constitute as soon as possible a broad committee composed of prominent progressive and left wing trade unionists, which will sponsor publicly the establishment of a progressive trade union committee on a national scale. For this purpose.
the trade union department will contact and confer with existing progressive groups to bring them into the proposed national movement.
The special concentration points were chosen for work in the next few months. For the Workers Party as a whole the two points of concentration chosen were the section of the textile industry located in New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania, and the automobile industry in the district centering around Detroit, Toledo and Cleveland. Two other points of concentration singled out for special attention by the party forces already located in those ﬁelds are the Minneapolis St. Paul center comprising Duluth, Superior, Fargo, etc. and the coal mining industry in Illinois, Pennsylvania, Ohio and West Virginia.
The coal district, is especially important because good contacts are.
already available on a considerable scale.
For the founding of the progressive movement in the trade unions, the lWorkers Party will begin lmmedlately a campaign of education, discussion and publicity. The convention authorized the Party to take immediately the steps neces sary, such as assignment of organizers, setting up of trade unior fractions, etc. which will build the party and be its own contribution to the founding of the long needed progressive movement in the trade unions. lals Issue is last of lle Militant This is the last issue of the Militant which, for six years asthe weekly organ of the Communist League of America, kept alive in the haze of confusion brought upon the vanguard of the American working class by ltaliuism, the clear ﬂame of Marxist and Leninist ideas.
With the founding of the Workers Party of the United States, the Militant gives way to the New Militant, the omcial organ of the country only revolutionary party All readers of the Militant will continue to receive the new paper. Continued on Page a)
The Workers Party will establish FOR THE NEW.
FOURTH. T RNATIONAL PRlCE CENTS The Workers Party of the United States has been formed!
Amidst scenes of wildest enthusiasm, the unity convention of the American Workers Party and the Communist League of America completed its historic task Sunday afternoon in Stuyvesant Casino, New Out of its labors and deliberations has arisen the only revolutionary party in the country.
On the ratiﬁcation by unanimous vote of the fusion agreement.
comrades James Cannon of the OLA. and Music of the announced for the two organizations that henceforth they owed allegiance to the Workers Party of the and to no other organization.
and the strains of the International The historic work was completed!
Minneapolis and Toledo, exemplifying the new militancy of the stars that presided over its birth.
Under the most favorable auspices, the new party launches into its tremendous undertaking: the everthrow of capitalist rule in America, and the creation of in workers state. Muste will be the national secretary of the new party.
Cannon will be editor of the ofﬁcial weekly, the New Militant, with Harry Howe as associate editor.
The theoretical organ, the New International, will be under the editorship of Max Shachtman and an ex member. Eleven comrades oi the and eleven from the will comprise the national executive, from which will be chosen the political bureau of 10 members. Louis Budenz and Arne Swabeck will be the national organizers.
These, and other important organizational agreements e e reached in the opening session, which moved with Boishevik em ciency and dispatch. Sleepless delegates, without rest from the allnight sessions of their respoCtiva organizations, shook off their weariness to speed the foundations for the new party.
The speeches were short and to the point. We are not repudiating our pasts, rather we are looking to: wards the future, Masts said in opening the session.
An ovation greeted Vincent Dunne, one of the leaders of the strike of the Minneapolis truckdrivers, and chairman of the open«
ing session. In view of the immediate work that lies before us, and the heavy responsibility we have assumed: namely, the organizing oi the working class on a militant basis, for the overthrow of capitalist rule.
Dunne said, we may dispense with speechmaking.
Fusion Endorsed With this as the keynote, the session moved swiftly. In a short space of time, and despite the utmost liberty allowed in discussion of all matters not previously settled by the separate conventions, the convention heard and approved the appointments of committees, elected the important organization, trade unlon and unemployment committees, and passed upon the organizational agreement reached between the executive committee: of the and the Communist League.
At the second session, Sam Pollack, active in the unemployed movement in Ohio and Illinois, and one of the leaders in the Toledo Auto Lite strike, presided. He, too.
was warmly received by the delagates.
The second session passed upon the constitution of the new party as proposed by the joint negotiating committee, with a few amendments from the ﬂoor. It also sanctioned the party building report brought in by Max Shachtman, the trade union report read by Arne Swabeck, and the report on work in the ﬁeld of the unemployed, presented by Anthony Ramuglia, national president of the National Unemployed Leagues.
Resolutions were passed in sup: port of Tom Mooney, and on behalf of Happy Holstein, whom the hangmeu of the Citizens Alliance in Minneapolis are trying to frame on a murder charge. resolution also endorsed the proposal of the Provisional Committee for NonPartisan Labor Defense, for the creation of a permanent labor defense organization. The text of the reports and resolutions will be found elsewhere in this issue.
Here ended the main business of the convention. Fraternal greetingl were extended to the convention Maurice Specter and Jack MacDonald, representing tbe Workers Party of Canada.
The meeting closed with the Workers, road tin New Millantl. singing of the International.