WORKERS 0F THE WORLD, UNITE VOLUME VII, No 46, WeaversWilI Decide On Joining General StrikeolDyeWorkers Dyers Spurn Boss Truce Offer and Continue Struggle Paterson, Nov. 16. When the Militant comes off the press, the weavers will have decided the issue of a complete tie up in the silk industry.
Meanwhile the negotiations by means of which the dye plant operators had hoped to force upon the dye workers the continuation of the intolerable conditions prevail ing in the industry under the old contract have been broken om The maneuvers of the bosses availed them nothing in the face of the determined front of the workers. The industry has been completely shut down since the inception of the strike. The 26, 000 striking dyers are resolute in their decision to strike until their de«
mands are met.
Having failed to force what amounts to the conditions of the old contract with the added provision that the dye workers bind themselves not to strike for two years against the very same conditions they are now ﬁghting, the dye operators intend to break the strike now by force. The importation of scabs, gangsters and provocateurs and the direct utilisation of the police, and all the armed forces of their government locally and throughout the state scale, reveals their frantic efforts for this end.
Fighting the Strike with Bullets Their plan of campaign is obvlous They are attempting to break the strike by trying to reapen plants at the outlying centers. The strike stronghold being Paterson the bosses are for the moment concentrating on plants outside of Paterson. The ﬁrst plant the bosses attempted to reopen is the Warren Dye Works at Union City. The mass picket line of workers from Paterson, Lodi and Passaic was attacked by the police, who used their clubs and revolvers. The police fired shots the shots were not blanks. Despite the turning of this plant into a fortress with machine guns, it is not operating.
The inception of the boss terror is accompanied by the familiar campaign in the yellow press, which is attempting to terrorize the strikers with indirect threats of plants moving out of the area, of false reports of plants operating, and of direct threats to operate plants with imported scabs.
The workers know that dye plants cannot be run with scabs and machine guns; and they have learned from the experiences of the past few months that their only hope lies in their own strength, solidarity and mllitancy.
Striking the Stallors The most important developments of this week are the unmistakable signs that the silk weavers are not to be restrained any longer by the vacillations and cowardllness of progressive Eli Keller and by the betrayal of his reactionary allies.
The militant drive of the silk workers has been to join the dyers in their common struggle. Their insistance on meeting the open challenge of the silk bosses has compelled Keller and his pals to accede to a meeting which should have been called, at least, simultaneously with that of the dyers this Saturday to decide on the question of the strike.
All indications point to the unanimity of the weavers, warpers, throwsters, twistors and loomﬁxers on the question of strike. Unless the Moldova with Keller at the head again resorts to its stalling tactics of telegraphing German, Green and Go. for approval. the weavers will come out next week in support of the dyers and to ﬁght for the demands they were so shamefully cheated out of in the last general strike. Their action will have magniﬁcent results. It will spread the strike to the entire Passaic Valley, and if the bosses refuse to meet the workers demands, they will be faced not with an isolated section of the workers but with the entire organized force at labor in the industry. golden opportunity once again races the workers of Paterson to take the lead and win ﬁrst for themselves the UNION SHOP. the 30 hour week and higher wages.
Pat arson has shown the way heWTHE MILITANT Weekly Organ of the Communist League of America WHOLEN 250 Giant Meeting Dec. 2nd To Greet Fusion Arrangements for a gala mass meeting to greet the delegates to the conventions of the Com munlst League of America and the American Workers Party respectively, are progressing.
Germania Hail 16th St. and 3rd Ave has been tentatively selected and the date is to be Sunday night, December 2nd which will be the last day of the proposed Fusion Conference.
Admission is to be 25C.
Outstanding among the speakers will be delegates from Min neapolis and Toledo who were active in both strikes and members of the National Committee of the and the Provisional Organization Committee of the as well as a representative of the Spartacus Youth League which is holding its ﬁrst Convention the same week.
According to reports, there will be approximately seventyﬂve to one hundred delegates to the conventions of the Communist League and the Spartacus Youth League and almost as many to the Keep the date in mind. Come and bring your friends and shopmates to this historic meeting which will be thef orerunner of the founding of a new revolu tionary workers party in Amerlea.
Workers Set orElevator Strike He re The Building Service Employees International Union went ahead with preparations for a city wide walkout of building service workers after representatives of the Real Estate Board of New York, the employers organization refused to yield to the union demand for wage increases and the closed shop.
The strike call will probably be issued Monday. More than 45, 000 workers are expected to respond.
Union leaders have indicated that the walkout will ﬁrst become effective in the garment center where building owners have broken a strike agreement concluded through the mediation of the Rueglonal Labor Board. The strike will then be extended to the ﬁnancial and apartment house districts. Continued on Page 4)
FOR NEW YGRK SATURDAY NOVEMBER 17, 1934 MOONEY WINS COURT HEARING MASS ACTION NEED OF HOUR Security Plan NaiIsWoIl to Labor Door Unemployment Insurance Scheme Provides No Solution President Roosevelt, embarrassed by the startling election landslide, can no longer conceal the reactionary nature of the New Deal behind a smile and a comforting promise.
The time has come to fulﬁll the promise to the working class, and the government has absolutely nothing to give. Last spring the President made a desperate play for popularity, he intimated that the new congress this all would see the passage of a sweeping re»
form, of a Great Social Security Program. Throughout the summer the American working class consoled itself with the hope of this reform. Indeed, noi. only the peo pie, but even the intimate advisers or the President, appear to have been deceived.
This Thursday two hundred economists and welfare workers gathered in Washington to launch the lreat Social Security Program, gathered, as they thought, to launch a New Era. Bold Stroke Niggardly Reforms Harry Hopkins. Federal Relief Administrator. addressed the con»
gross, and amused it to enthusiasm.
He spoke of the necessity for a bold stroke to unite all phases of economic security in a single comprehensive program. Douhtless Harry Hopkins himself. expected the congress to accomplish something moi e than a few niggardly reforms.
We weren t, for it is evident that the capitalist government cannot improve matters radically for the workers of the country. It is no longer a matter of intention, for with the best possible will in the world the New Deal can not deliver the goods There is one person who realizes this completely, that is the President himself. He knows that the New Deal is nothing more than an ineffectual stop gap, and that its popularity now rests, as it rested two years ago, on its pro mlse, and not on its accomplishment. The President problem is to keep up the promise, to keep up faith in the New Deal as long as possible, but he is already beginning to fall. Two years, and not one single promise, except the promise to business, has materialized.
No was Ideas Wanted The Great Social Security Program ﬁzzled out in a dismal ﬁasco. Continued on Page 4)
After 18 1011. years the Supreme Court. cloaked in the mantle of impartial justice has finally dis covered the existence of the Mooney Case.
The whole world quivcrcd with indignation over the brazen frame up. The international working class marched in the streets shouting its protest. Every scrap of evidence used to send Mooney to life long incarceration was proved perjurcd, trumpcd up or deliberately false.
Witnesses against Mooney confessed that they had sold their testimony for u iew ﬁlthy dollars. The trial judge issued il statement conceding Mooney innocence. All living jurors have signed affidavits declaring that they brought in the verdict of guilty under pressure.
But the Supreme lourt away from the madding crowd, in splendid juridical isolation failed to take notice.
The Big Hearted Decision Having ﬁnally bestirred itself, the Supreme Court is not granting Mooney a new trial. Nor does it propose to enter an elaborate exumiuaiiou of the case. The sum total of its muniiicent decision is a summons to Warden Holaban of San Quentin to show cause why Mooney should be denied a writ of habeas corpus. And he has forty days to do it in!
There can be no doubt but that this is a ray of hope «however slender it may be for long suffering Mooney! The explanation for the action of the Washington justices can hardly be laid at their much vaunted liberalism. Nor can it be said that. pressure of the aroused working cluss is responsible. No, for years the movement for Mooney has lain dormant «betrayed by labor skates, derided by liberals and false friends and stifled by Stalinists and reformists.
Mr. Dooley long ago supplied the answer when he said the Supreme Court follows the election returns.
Three fourths of a million votes for Sinclair in California were votes for the liberation of Mooney, What will the Supreme Court do?
Will its gesture recognizing this Vote mean something real for Mooney or will it lead to the same old stall?
We cannot prophesy beforehand as to what the Supreme Court will do. but if past experiences with capitalist courts mean anything it must hesald that the ray of hope will penetrate little of the darkness in Mooney cell.
Protest Is Only Weapon The Supreme Court and every other court, governor or capitalist oﬁicial in the country respond to one thing, and one thing only when class war prisoners are involved.
Action, protest and strike by the working class!
When Mooney was about to swing in 1916 it was only the stormy demonstrations that stayed the ex(Contlnued on Page 4)
Minn. Union Progressives In Conference Militant Program Outlined By Filteen Trade Union Representatives St. Paul, Mirna Not only has trade unionism in general been stimulated in this region by the great drivers strikes of last spring and summer. but progressive elements both in the of and independent unions have taken on a new lease of life. The best indication is the outcome of a conference held recently in St. Paul, which representatives of about 15 unions in various parts of the state attended.
All were union ofﬁcials, acting with the sanction of their executive boards. Although the conference was purely informal, it is likely to lead to serious developments in the near future. Cooperation on a pro gressive basis was the object of the conference and a resolution of principles, which might well serve as a model for other states, was the outcome.
This resolution lowing points: For industrial unionism through amalgamation wherever possible and through building industrial unions in all mass production industries. To promote class solidarity and reciprocal aid between all un ions in times of trouble and strife For unity against vigilantes, law and order leagutm, committees and the like. To promote working class education through forums. lectures, discussions, classes and an organ. To infuse the labor movement with the class struggle attitude, to acquaint workers with the truth that the interests of worker and those of the boss are antagonistic. and to oppose class collaboration. To promote organization of unemployed workers for the protection of the unions as well as for the beneﬁt of the unemployed. sub committce is now perfecting the text of this declaration, and the conference, this time on an enlarged scale and more formal, will meet again in the near future. In view of the militant spirit of trade union members throughout this and neighboring states, it may be expected that this progressive cur.
rent will go far in the Minnesota labor movement. it is one of the most hopeful signs in recent years, and in itself a tribute to the effective militancy of the strike leadership of the drivers union of MinnaL apolls.
covers the fol citizens the wage Accomodations Needed ForConvcntionDclegatcs We expect about eighty outof town delegates to the conventions of the and the Spartacus Youth League.
The convention of the will open on Monday, November 26th at the Stuyvesant Casino, and will last until Thursday, to be followed by the proposed Fusion Conference for another three days.
As you might guess, the delegates will not be able to stop at hotels. While we are arranging to feed the delegates throughout their stay, we must depend upon our members and close sympathizers to accommodate them with sleeping quarters.
If you can possibly take care of one or more delegates, please fill out the blank below and mail l ONCE. 0 DELEGATE ACO0MMODATION BLANK can provide sleeping quarters for. delegate.
Male or female. YOUR NAME.
Directions for reaching your homo: u.
Students in Free Speech ightinL.
Los Angeles. The reactionary whip of fury California strikes again. This time live students from the University of California at Los Angeles (0. A) take the stinging lash in the form of suspension. This has occurred in the heat of a bitter election campaign.
John Burnside, president of the student body; Tom Lambert, chairman of the men board, Mendel Lieberman, chairman of the scholarship committee; Sid Zagri. debating head; and Celeste Strnch, Phi Betta Kappa and member of the National Student League, dared fly in the face of that dicta tor of liberty, exponent of Deweyism (note: lecture Tuesday and Thursriay at 2:00 PM. Scope of Course: Training in independence of hought. the very right Provost of the li. Dr. Moore.
Accused by Dr. Moore (oncel (Continued on Page 4)
NEW REVOLUTIONARY PARTY!
We celebrate the sixth anniversary of the Militant on the eve of our national conference which has to pass ﬁnal decision on the proposal to unite forces with the WP. and launch a new, independent. revolutionary party. From all present indications the conferences of both organizations, meeting simultaneously, will approve the recommendations of their respective national committees and conciude the fusion in a joint convention. If this turns out to he the case, as we are conﬁdent it will, our sixth anniversary will mark the conclusion of the ﬁrst phase of our historic struggle. ﬁrst as a faction then as a separate independent group, and open up a new chapter of joint struggle with other progressive forces on a broader basis. The time is ripe for such a, decisive turn, and we are ready for it.
The prospect of fusion between the and the has become the center of interest in the radical labor movement. It has al ready produced sharp reactions in all circles, ranging from panic in the camp of Stalinism and hysterical appeals to the rank and ﬁle of both organizations to hold back.
to hasty manoeuvres of the pseudo Militants in the to open the doors to penitent ex communists in the hope that they will provide the with a left covering to halt the movement toward the new party. As for the numerous small, independent groups, which have ex tors. It logging to do so main.
pressed, by the fact of their existence, the confusion and disintegration of the movement, the question of our, fusion has thrown them into internal crmes which herald splits or liquidation in practically every case.
The Inﬂuence of the Fusion The actual accomplishment of the fusion will produce far deeper repercussions. It will mark the opening of a new stage in the process of differentiation and regroupment in the general movement of the advanced workers. If the par ticipants on both sides prove equal to their task and their opportunity, the fusion will decisively inﬂuence the future developments of the political labor movement in the And it will begin to assert this de cisive inﬂuence from the very start.
The tWO fold signiﬁcance of the move will not be lost on those who observe political developments, esneoially on those who want to take a part in shaping their course, First, the fusion will represent the ﬁrst step toward unification of the revolutionary forces that has been seen for thirteen years! Since the merger of the GP. with the left socialists (Workers Council group) at the end of 1921 there has been no such thing as any two or more groups getting together. The (LP. expelled the left wing (the rotskyltes. in 1928. Less than a year later the right wing (Investoneites) who had ofﬁciated in this expulsion were themselves expelled.
The Proletarian Party, itself a small sect, suffered two splits. multiplicity of little gtouplets ap By JAMES CANNON peered on the scene and they in turn split among themselves and moved in opposite directions (the ill starred Gitlow Field group, for example. The Post Lenin Scene The general picture of the whole post Lenin period in the United States has been a picture of disintegration. The masses of workers awakening to class conscious uses were repelled by it. They left the parties, or passed through them, or stood aside from all or ganizations, waiting for a sign of unity and order in the general chaos. The fusion of the and the that is, of the two largest and strongest of the independent groups, ls bound to signify for such workers the opening of a contrary process, the process of the mliﬂcaiion of the revolutionary forces. By that fact alone our fusion will stir the deepest interest and attention of the non party radical workers and help to break their passivity with regard to organlzation.
0n the other hand, and this is no less important, the formal proclamation of a new party will bring all speculation about a return to the QR, on the part of those who have broken with it on principle grounds, to a deﬁnite conclusion.
This will leave no more room for those who have occupied a halfway position. They will have to choose.
At the same time the launching of the new party, irreconcilabiy hostile to social democracy in all colon! and variations. slams the door in the faces of those weakllngs and deserters of the revolutionary cause who want to unite everybody in the Socialist party and closes the debate with them. The new party thus deepens the split in the political movement with the reformist and centrist parties, and gives the split a clearer meaning and more deﬁnite, ﬁnished form, while it heralds the unity of the revolutionary elements in the struggle against them. The chaos and disintegration will give place to a clear lineup of parties: Social Democratic, Stalinist (Centrist) and the party of revolutionary Marxism. Small groups and individuals will ﬁnd their place in one or the other, and in making their selection they will disclose their real tendency unfailingly. The issue will be clear.
The Test of Present Conditions The process of cariﬁcation, unlﬁcatlon and split, in a word, the process of regroupment on party lines and the liquidation of separ ate groups, has not been invented or set into motion by the groups or parties, all of which, without exception, are caught in it. The process in the radical political movement is taking place under the impact of momentous developments in the working class of the country.
International events have played their part, especially in the fundamental ideological regroupment. but it is the rising mass movement of the American workers which is putting all. the organizations and groups to the test, shaking them out of the old rats and driving them to seek a new paint of departure.
Fundamentally, the parties and groups ﬁnd it necessary to adapt themselves to the rising mass movement in one way or another. The discards the whole idiotic rig.
amarole of the Third Period. Red unions, united front from below. theory of Social Fascism. etc. like a dirty shirt. liquidates its separate unions pellmell, and knocks at the back door of the with the offer of a non aggression pact. The P, pushes its left wing forward, and decorates itself with the red feathers of a few wretched captured communists.
Meanwhile the small propaganda groups which came into existence in the period of stagnation and re action are confronted by events with a veritable command to break out of their propaganda circle and connect themselves with the mass movement or suffer annihilation.
Those groups which do not heed this command in time are doomed.
The Course of the Imus Our organization, on the whole, has understood this. Such is the explanation of the course we have followed during the past year. The deﬁnitive break with the Stalinist party and Comintern, the course toward trade union work and effective participation in strikes, the approach to the AWJ. the moment it declared for an independent political party all this has been inspired and motivated on our part (Continued on Page PRICE CENTS Jobless Organizations Lay Nationwide Plans For Big Demonstration 1, 100LocalBodies March Nov. 24 For Reliel Demands New York, Nov. 14, More than 750, 000 unemployed. organized in some. 1, 100 local bodies from New York to California and from Minnesota to Texas are expected to par ticipate in public protest meetings and demonstrations on Nov. 24. according to an announcement made yesterday at the ofﬁce of the Na»
tional Action Committee For November 24th, located at 22 East 22nd Street. This Committee, under whose auspices the manifestations will be conducted, is composed of representatives of the country leading unemployed organizations.
located in twenty two states. in addition, a million or more unor ganized unemployed and trade unIon members are expected to par ticipate in the day program.
In all likelihood this will be the greatest single campaign action of unemployed workers seeking amelioration of their condition which the country has seen since the depres sion began. The demonstrations.
which will be of uniform character in all regions, will begin at 10 am.
local time. and will have as their aim the presentation by mass delegations of a set of eght demands addressed to local county and state relief authorities for transmission to Washington. delegation of fifteen, representing the leading unemployed organizations of the United states. expects to present a report and a copy of the eight point platform to Presldent Roosevelt at the White House two or three days after the nationwide demonstrations. The eight points are: That the Federal government undertake public works to provide work for the unemployed at trade union rates on the basis of a 30 for a. 30 hour week; Passage of the Lundeen Unemployment insur.
ance Bill now before Congress; Pending these, immediate direct cash relief of 10 weekly for single persons, 15 weekly for families of two. and weekly for each additional dependent; Guarantee of the rights of organization and collective bargaining to all workers on public projects; Recognition of representatives of organized unemployed by relief administrations; Federal adequate disability com pensatlon on all public works and to and from the job: Diversion of all war funds to unemployment relief; Passage or a universal 30 hour work week law without pay cuts.
Preparations for the Nov. 24 demonstrations have been proceeding rapidly in all sections during the past weeks, according to David Lessor, Secretary of the who has just returned from a meet ing of the Committee in Pittsburgh which ratiﬁed ﬁnal details. statement issued by the organizations cooperating in the Nov. 24 movement places the number of unemployed in the country, aside from part time workers, at 12. 000. 000. a ﬁgure somewhat higher than the latest estimate of the American Federation of Labor. According to the statement, the Nov. 24 demon.
stratlons will voice a protest against the insufﬁciency of existing unemployment relief arrangements and reﬂect the increasing sentiment of the unemployed for full time. jobs at decent wages. The hourly wage rates for relief workers 30 to 50 cents are characterized by this statement as starvation wages, es pecially in view of the. fact that the average wage is between and 12 weekiyf The participating organizations also regard as unsatisfactory the relief rates which range from 12 to 38 monthly for a family, and the fact that in most regions single.
men get no relief. The general at.
titude of relief administrators toward elforts of the unemployed to organize, is also disapproved strongly by these organizations, Among the powerful organiza tions afﬁliated to the are the Eastern Federation of Unem ployed and Emergency Workers which has branches in New York.
New Jersey, Connecticut and Mary land; the National Unemployed League, with branches in Ohio.
Pennsylvania, West Virginia. North Carolina, Mississippi and Kentucky the Illinois Workers Alliance; the Wisconsin Federation of Workers Committees, and the American Workers Union with groups in (manual! on m 1)